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Neisseria meningitidis W-135 carriage during the Hajj season 2003.
Scand J Infect Dis. 2004; 36(4):264-8.SJ

Abstract

During the 2003 Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca, 344 pilgrims of 29 different nationalities were screened by means of a throat swab to detect Neisseria meningitidis carriage. N. meningitidis was isolated from 11 subjects; 2 were serogroup W-135, 1 serogroup B, and 8 were non-groupable. The results indicate a very low colonization rate for N. meningitidis among the tested cohort, with a predominance of non-groupable strains. These results, combined with a review of the published data, warrant a re-evaluation of current recommendations by the Saudi Ministry of Health for the use of ciprofloxacin for Saudi pilgrims departing at the end of the Hajj season. However, vaccination with the meningococcal quadrivalent vaccine, for all pilgrims, should continue to be recommended. The possibility of new strains arising as a cause of future meningococcal outbreaks should be considered, and annual surveillance may give an early warning.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Infection Prevention and Control, King Abdulaziz Medical City, King Fahad National Guard Hospital Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15198182

Citation

Balkhy, Hanan H., et al. "Neisseria Meningitidis W-135 Carriage During the Hajj Season 2003." Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 36, no. 4, 2004, pp. 264-8.
Balkhy HH, Memish ZA, Almuneef MA, et al. Neisseria meningitidis W-135 carriage during the Hajj season 2003. Scand J Infect Dis. 2004;36(4):264-8.
Balkhy, H. H., Memish, Z. A., Almuneef, M. A., & Osoba, A. O. (2004). Neisseria meningitidis W-135 carriage during the Hajj season 2003. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, 36(4), 264-8.
Balkhy HH, et al. Neisseria Meningitidis W-135 Carriage During the Hajj Season 2003. Scand J Infect Dis. 2004;36(4):264-8. PubMed PMID: 15198182.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Neisseria meningitidis W-135 carriage during the Hajj season 2003. AU - Balkhy,Hanan H, AU - Memish,Ziad A, AU - Almuneef,Maha A, AU - Osoba,Abimbola O, PY - 2004/6/17/pubmed PY - 2004/7/28/medline PY - 2004/6/17/entrez SP - 264 EP - 8 JF - Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases JO - Scand J Infect Dis VL - 36 IS - 4 N2 - During the 2003 Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca, 344 pilgrims of 29 different nationalities were screened by means of a throat swab to detect Neisseria meningitidis carriage. N. meningitidis was isolated from 11 subjects; 2 were serogroup W-135, 1 serogroup B, and 8 were non-groupable. The results indicate a very low colonization rate for N. meningitidis among the tested cohort, with a predominance of non-groupable strains. These results, combined with a review of the published data, warrant a re-evaluation of current recommendations by the Saudi Ministry of Health for the use of ciprofloxacin for Saudi pilgrims departing at the end of the Hajj season. However, vaccination with the meningococcal quadrivalent vaccine, for all pilgrims, should continue to be recommended. The possibility of new strains arising as a cause of future meningococcal outbreaks should be considered, and annual surveillance may give an early warning. SN - 0036-5548 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15198182/Neisseria_meningitidis_W_135_carriage_during_the_Hajj_season_2003_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00365540410020082 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -