Gastrointestinal effects of intracerebroventricularly injected nociceptin/orphaninFQ in rats.Peptides. 2004 Jun; 25(6):1013-20.P
Nociceptin/orphanin FQ/(N/OFQ), a novel heptadecapeptide recently isolated from porcine and rat brain, is the endogenous ligand of the N/OFQ peptide receptor (NOP, previously known as ORL-1). In this study we examined the effects of intracerebroventricularly (icv) injected N/OFQ on gastric emptying, gastrointestinal transit, colonic propulsion and gastric acid secretion in rats. N/OFQ (0.01-10 nmol/rat) significantly delayed gastric emptying of a phenol red meal, inhibited transit of a non-absorbable charcoal marker through the small intestine and increased the mean colonic bead expulsion time. These N/OFQ-motor effects were abolished by the NOP receptor selective antagonist [NPhe(1)]N/OFQ(1-13)-NH(2) (50 nmol/rat), but were unaltered by the classical opioid receptor antagonist, naloxone (9.2 micromol/kg). Icv injected N/OFQ (10 nmol/rat) decreased gastric acid secretion in 2-h pylorus ligated rats in a naloxone sensitive manner. [NPhe(1)]N/OFQ(1-13)-NH(2) (100 nmol/rat) icv administered alone stimulated gastric acid secretion. These results indicate that N/OFQ activates via NOP receptor stimulation a central inhibitory pathway modulating gastrointestinal propulsive activity and gastric acid secretion in rats.