Involvement of steroids in anti-inflammatory effects of PK11195 in a murine model of pleurisy.Mediators Inflamm. 2004 Apr; 13(2):93-103.MI
Studies on peripheral benzodiazepine receptor function have yielded a diverse list of activities of which the anti-inflammatory effects need to be further examined.
To evaluate the role of steroids, nitric oxide and adenosine-deaminase in the anti-inflammatory effect of PK11195.
Pleurisy was induced by intrapleural injection of carrageenan in mice pre-treated or not with PK11195. Leukocytes, exudation, adenosine-deaminase (ADA) activity and nitric oxide (NO) level were measured. Steroid involvement was evaluated by pre-treatment with D,L-aminogluthetimide before PK11195.
Leukocytes, exudation and NO levels were reduced by PK11195 in the early (4 h) phase. In the late (48 h) phase, PK11195 decreased leukocytes and ADA activity. D,L-aminogluthetimide reversed the effect of PK11195 on exudate (4 h), as well as total and differential leukocytes and NO levels (48 h).
Steroids, NO and ADA are implicated in the anti-inflammatory action of PK11195.