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Association between bone, body composition and strength in premenarcheal girls and postmenopausal women.
Ann Hum Biol. 2004 Mar-Apr; 31(2):228-44.AH

Abstract

AIM

The study examined whether associations between bone, body composition and strength are age dependent.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

Two age levels (premenarcheal girls and postmenopausal women on HRT) were studied in a 10-month follow-up. Bone, lean and fat mass were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and strength was measured using an isokinetic dynamometer.

RESULTS

In girls, significant correlations were found between mass (lean, fat and body mass), strength and most bone characteristics (r = 0.15-0.93). At the proximal femur changes in bone mineral density (BMD) were moderately related to changes in body composition. In the women, body mass and lean mass were significantly correlated with most bone characteristics (r = 0.34-0.82). Low to moderate correlations were observed between changes in bone and changes in body composition. After controlling for lean mass the relation between strength and bone was no longer significant.

CONCLUSIONS

In premenarcheal girls, bone is partly determined by mass, with lean mass the most important predictor at the femoral sites. In postmenopausal women, lean mass is an important determinant of bone mineral content (BMC) and BMD, but changes in BMD are related to changes in fat. The relation between strength and BMD is mainly attributable to the relation between lean mass and BMD. The contributory effects of soft tissue to bone change over different life periods.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Sport and Movement Sciences, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, KU Leuven, Belgium. Vanlangendonck@flok.kuleuven.ac.beNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15204365

Citation

van Langendonck, L, et al. "Association Between Bone, Body Composition and Strength in Premenarcheal Girls and Postmenopausal Women." Annals of Human Biology, vol. 31, no. 2, 2004, pp. 228-44.
van Langendonck L, Claessens AL, Lysens R, et al. Association between bone, body composition and strength in premenarcheal girls and postmenopausal women. Ann Hum Biol. 2004;31(2):228-44.
van Langendonck, L., Claessens, A. L., Lysens, R., Koninckx, P. R., & Beunen, G. (2004). Association between bone, body composition and strength in premenarcheal girls and postmenopausal women. Annals of Human Biology, 31(2), 228-44.
van Langendonck L, et al. Association Between Bone, Body Composition and Strength in Premenarcheal Girls and Postmenopausal Women. Ann Hum Biol. 2004 Mar-Apr;31(2):228-44. PubMed PMID: 15204365.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association between bone, body composition and strength in premenarcheal girls and postmenopausal women. AU - van Langendonck,L, AU - Claessens,A L, AU - Lysens,R, AU - Koninckx,P R, AU - Beunen,G, PY - 2004/6/19/pubmed PY - 2004/10/22/medline PY - 2004/6/19/entrez SP - 228 EP - 44 JF - Annals of human biology JO - Ann Hum Biol VL - 31 IS - 2 N2 - AIM: The study examined whether associations between bone, body composition and strength are age dependent. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two age levels (premenarcheal girls and postmenopausal women on HRT) were studied in a 10-month follow-up. Bone, lean and fat mass were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and strength was measured using an isokinetic dynamometer. RESULTS: In girls, significant correlations were found between mass (lean, fat and body mass), strength and most bone characteristics (r = 0.15-0.93). At the proximal femur changes in bone mineral density (BMD) were moderately related to changes in body composition. In the women, body mass and lean mass were significantly correlated with most bone characteristics (r = 0.34-0.82). Low to moderate correlations were observed between changes in bone and changes in body composition. After controlling for lean mass the relation between strength and bone was no longer significant. CONCLUSIONS: In premenarcheal girls, bone is partly determined by mass, with lean mass the most important predictor at the femoral sites. In postmenopausal women, lean mass is an important determinant of bone mineral content (BMC) and BMD, but changes in BMD are related to changes in fat. The relation between strength and BMD is mainly attributable to the relation between lean mass and BMD. The contributory effects of soft tissue to bone change over different life periods. SN - 0301-4460 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15204365/Association_between_bone_body_composition_and_strength_in_premenarcheal_girls_and_postmenopausal_women_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03014460310001638929 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -