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Limited usefulness of initial blood cultures in community acquired pneumonia.
Emerg Med J. 2004 Jul; 21(4):446-8.EM

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The incidence of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is about 4 million cases per year, with a hospitalisation rate of 20%. In non-immunocompromised patients hospitalised for CAP the rate of bacteraemia is less than 7% with predictable pathogens. Despite this, guidelines still recommend use of blood cultures (BCs) to direct treatment. This study tested the primary hypothesis that the proportion of false positive BCs would exceed the proportion of true positives. A secondary aim was to quantify the frequency with which antibiotic therapy was changed based on BC results.

METHOD

Consecutive adults hospitalised from an urban emergency department (ED) with CAP between January 1999 and March 2001 were assessed retrospectively for study eligibility. Those with an infiltrate consistent with pneumonia on the admission chest radiograph and at least one set of BCs taken in the ED before antibiotics were given were entered into the study. Patients hospitalised within the previous two weeks, nursing home residents, and immunosuppressed patients were excluded.

RESULTS

821 patients were admitted for CAP and 355 met inclusion criteria. The proportion of false positive BCs (10%) exceeded the proportion of true positives (9%), by 1% (95%CI -3.3% to 5.5%). Antibiotic therapy was changed on the basis of BC results in 5% of patients (95%CI 3% to 8%).

CONCLUSION

The rate of false positive BCs in patients hospitalised with CAP is similar to the rate of true positives. BCs only infrequently lead to changes in antibiotic therapy, and in no instance were therapeutic changes driven by detection of resistant organisms. The results question the utility of routine BCs in immunocompetent patients with CAP.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Emergency Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA. jillcorbo@AOL.com <jillcorbo@AOL.com>No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15208227

Citation

Corbo, J, et al. "Limited Usefulness of Initial Blood Cultures in Community Acquired Pneumonia." Emergency Medicine Journal : EMJ, vol. 21, no. 4, 2004, pp. 446-8.
Corbo J, Friedman B, Bijur P, et al. Limited usefulness of initial blood cultures in community acquired pneumonia. Emerg Med J. 2004;21(4):446-8.
Corbo, J., Friedman, B., Bijur, P., & Gallagher, E. J. (2004). Limited usefulness of initial blood cultures in community acquired pneumonia. Emergency Medicine Journal : EMJ, 21(4), 446-8.
Corbo J, et al. Limited Usefulness of Initial Blood Cultures in Community Acquired Pneumonia. Emerg Med J. 2004;21(4):446-8. PubMed PMID: 15208227.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Limited usefulness of initial blood cultures in community acquired pneumonia. AU - Corbo,J, AU - Friedman,B, AU - Bijur,P, AU - Gallagher,E J, PY - 2004/6/23/pubmed PY - 2005/2/23/medline PY - 2004/6/23/entrez SP - 446 EP - 8 JF - Emergency medicine journal : EMJ JO - Emerg Med J VL - 21 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The incidence of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is about 4 million cases per year, with a hospitalisation rate of 20%. In non-immunocompromised patients hospitalised for CAP the rate of bacteraemia is less than 7% with predictable pathogens. Despite this, guidelines still recommend use of blood cultures (BCs) to direct treatment. This study tested the primary hypothesis that the proportion of false positive BCs would exceed the proportion of true positives. A secondary aim was to quantify the frequency with which antibiotic therapy was changed based on BC results. METHOD: Consecutive adults hospitalised from an urban emergency department (ED) with CAP between January 1999 and March 2001 were assessed retrospectively for study eligibility. Those with an infiltrate consistent with pneumonia on the admission chest radiograph and at least one set of BCs taken in the ED before antibiotics were given were entered into the study. Patients hospitalised within the previous two weeks, nursing home residents, and immunosuppressed patients were excluded. RESULTS: 821 patients were admitted for CAP and 355 met inclusion criteria. The proportion of false positive BCs (10%) exceeded the proportion of true positives (9%), by 1% (95%CI -3.3% to 5.5%). Antibiotic therapy was changed on the basis of BC results in 5% of patients (95%CI 3% to 8%). CONCLUSION: The rate of false positive BCs in patients hospitalised with CAP is similar to the rate of true positives. BCs only infrequently lead to changes in antibiotic therapy, and in no instance were therapeutic changes driven by detection of resistant organisms. The results question the utility of routine BCs in immunocompetent patients with CAP. SN - 1472-0213 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15208227/Limited_usefulness_of_initial_blood_cultures_in_community_acquired_pneumonia_ L2 - https://emj.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&amp;pmid=15208227 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -