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Clock drawing, clock reading, clock setting, and judgment of clock faces in elderly people with dementia and depression.
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 Jul; 52(7):1146-50.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To assess patient performance on different clock tasks.

DESIGN

Group comparisons.

SETTING

A hospital-based memory clinic; inpatient and outpatient memory clinic.

PARTICIPANTS

Patients with dementia (n=30), patients with depression (n=30), and healthy controls (n=30).

MEASUREMENTS

General neuropsychological tests, clock drawing tests, and three additional clock tasks: clock reading, clock setting, and judgment of clock faces (each comprising 12 items).

RESULTS

Demented patients differed significantly from the control and depression groups on all clock tasks; controls and depressed patients differed only in the clock-setting task. A comparison between tasks showed that clock setting was the most difficult, which differentiated best between diagnostic groups. Groups differed not only in overall performance scores, but also in error characteristics.

CONCLUSION

Overall, study results indicate that clock setting is a sensitive task that may prove to be a valuable tool when screening for dementia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biological Psychiatry, Innsbruck University Clinics, Innsbruck, Austria. thomas.bodner@uklibk.ac.atNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15209653

Citation

Bodner, Thomas, et al. "Clock Drawing, Clock Reading, Clock Setting, and Judgment of Clock Faces in Elderly People With Dementia and Depression." Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 52, no. 7, 2004, pp. 1146-50.
Bodner T, Delazer M, Kemmler G, et al. Clock drawing, clock reading, clock setting, and judgment of clock faces in elderly people with dementia and depression. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004;52(7):1146-50.
Bodner, T., Delazer, M., Kemmler, G., Gurka, P., Marksteiner, J., & Fleischhacker, W. W. (2004). Clock drawing, clock reading, clock setting, and judgment of clock faces in elderly people with dementia and depression. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 52(7), 1146-50.
Bodner T, et al. Clock Drawing, Clock Reading, Clock Setting, and Judgment of Clock Faces in Elderly People With Dementia and Depression. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004;52(7):1146-50. PubMed PMID: 15209653.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Clock drawing, clock reading, clock setting, and judgment of clock faces in elderly people with dementia and depression. AU - Bodner,Thomas, AU - Delazer,Margarete, AU - Kemmler,Georg, AU - Gurka,Peter, AU - Marksteiner,Josef, AU - Fleischhacker,W Wolfgang, PY - 2004/6/24/pubmed PY - 2005/4/6/medline PY - 2004/6/24/entrez SP - 1146 EP - 50 JF - Journal of the American Geriatrics Society JO - J Am Geriatr Soc VL - 52 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To assess patient performance on different clock tasks. DESIGN: Group comparisons. SETTING: A hospital-based memory clinic; inpatient and outpatient memory clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with dementia (n=30), patients with depression (n=30), and healthy controls (n=30). MEASUREMENTS: General neuropsychological tests, clock drawing tests, and three additional clock tasks: clock reading, clock setting, and judgment of clock faces (each comprising 12 items). RESULTS: Demented patients differed significantly from the control and depression groups on all clock tasks; controls and depressed patients differed only in the clock-setting task. A comparison between tasks showed that clock setting was the most difficult, which differentiated best between diagnostic groups. Groups differed not only in overall performance scores, but also in error characteristics. CONCLUSION: Overall, study results indicate that clock setting is a sensitive task that may prove to be a valuable tool when screening for dementia. SN - 0002-8614 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15209653/Clock_drawing_clock_reading_clock_setting_and_judgment_of_clock_faces_in_elderly_people_with_dementia_and_depression_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0002-8614&date=2004&volume=52&issue=7&spage=1146 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -