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The influence of emotion regulation, level of shyness, and habituation on the neuroendocrine response of three-year-old children.
Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2004 Sep; 29(8):973-82.P

Abstract

The current study investigated the temperamental dispositions of 53 three-year-old children (27 males, 26 females) and their behavioral and physiological responses to a stranger approach situation. Results indicated that elevations in cortisol were predicted by the child's level of shyness (with both shy and bold children showing elevations), better emotion regulation, and attendance at daycare which was believed to measure habituation to interactions with unknown adults in a playroom setting. In addition, the majority of children, both shy and bold, had cortisol levels that had begun to recover by fifteen minutes after the initial assessment. This suggests that the major concern for inhibited children is not weak regulation, but rather more frequent activation of the HPA system in response to novelty and a perceptual framework that expects fear.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Psychology Department, 1460 University Drive, Shenandoah University, Winchester, VA 22601, USA. lzimmerman@su.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15219647

Citation

Zimmermann, Laura K., and Kathy Stansbury. "The Influence of Emotion Regulation, Level of Shyness, and Habituation On the Neuroendocrine Response of Three-year-old Children." Psychoneuroendocrinology, vol. 29, no. 8, 2004, pp. 973-82.
Zimmermann LK, Stansbury K. The influence of emotion regulation, level of shyness, and habituation on the neuroendocrine response of three-year-old children. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2004;29(8):973-82.
Zimmermann, L. K., & Stansbury, K. (2004). The influence of emotion regulation, level of shyness, and habituation on the neuroendocrine response of three-year-old children. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 29(8), 973-82.
Zimmermann LK, Stansbury K. The Influence of Emotion Regulation, Level of Shyness, and Habituation On the Neuroendocrine Response of Three-year-old Children. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2004;29(8):973-82. PubMed PMID: 15219647.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The influence of emotion regulation, level of shyness, and habituation on the neuroendocrine response of three-year-old children. AU - Zimmermann,Laura K, AU - Stansbury,Kathy, PY - 2003/08/13/received PY - 2003/08/23/revised PY - 2003/09/17/accepted PY - 2004/6/29/pubmed PY - 2004/10/20/medline PY - 2004/6/29/entrez SP - 973 EP - 82 JF - Psychoneuroendocrinology JO - Psychoneuroendocrinology VL - 29 IS - 8 N2 - The current study investigated the temperamental dispositions of 53 three-year-old children (27 males, 26 females) and their behavioral and physiological responses to a stranger approach situation. Results indicated that elevations in cortisol were predicted by the child's level of shyness (with both shy and bold children showing elevations), better emotion regulation, and attendance at daycare which was believed to measure habituation to interactions with unknown adults in a playroom setting. In addition, the majority of children, both shy and bold, had cortisol levels that had begun to recover by fifteen minutes after the initial assessment. This suggests that the major concern for inhibited children is not weak regulation, but rather more frequent activation of the HPA system in response to novelty and a perceptual framework that expects fear. SN - 0306-4530 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15219647/The_influence_of_emotion_regulation_level_of_shyness_and_habituation_on_the_neuroendocrine_response_of_three_year_old_children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306453003001793 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -