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Deaths: injuries, 2001.
Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2004 Jun 02; 52(21):1-86.NV

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

This report presents injury mortality data for 2001 using the external cause of injury mortality matrix for the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10), a detailed and comprehensive framework for tabulating and presenting injury deaths by mechanism and intent of death. Data are presented by age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, and State. This report also presents data on injury deaths classified according to the nature of the injury sustained. Deaths resulting from the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, are presented and the impact of these deaths on the trends in injury mortality is discussed. This report supplements the annual report of final mortality statistics.

METHODS

Data in this report are based on information from all death certificates filed in the 50 States and the District of Columbia in 2001. Causes of death and nature of injury are processed and coded in accordance with the ICD-10.

RESULTS

In 2001, 157,078 resident deaths occurred as the result of injuries. Of these injury deaths, 64.6 percent were classified as unintentional, 19.5 percent were suicides, 12.9 percent were homicides, 2.7 percent were of undetermined intent, and 0.3 percent involved legal intervention or operations of war. The five leading mechanisms of injury death were motor vehicle traffic, firearm, poisoning, falls, and suffocation, accounting for 78 percent of all injury deaths. A head injury was mentioned in 32 percent of injury deaths and was the most commonly mentioned injury condition resulting in death. Poisoning and toxic effects were the second most common, mentioned in 16 percent of injury deaths and were the underlying cause of 14 percent of injury deaths. In 2001, 36,753 deaths (1.6 percent of deaths) had a natural underlying cause of death but included one or more mentions of an external cause on the death certificate.

CONCLUSIONS

Injury mortality data presented in this report using the external cause of injury mortality matrix for ICD-10 provide detail on the mechanism of death needed for research and other activities related to injury prevention. This report also highlights the importance of multiple causes of death when analyzing injury mortality data. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) is involved in several ongoing projects related to the study of injury and injury mortality.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Vital Statistics, US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, Hyattsville, Maryland 20782, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15222463

Citation

Anderson, Robert N., et al. "Deaths: Injuries, 2001." National Vital Statistics Reports : From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, vol. 52, no. 21, 2004, pp. 1-86.
Anderson RN, Miniño AM, Fingerhut LA, et al. Deaths: injuries, 2001. Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2004;52(21):1-86.
Anderson, R. N., Miniño, A. M., Fingerhut, L. A., Warner, M., & Heinen, M. A. (2004). Deaths: injuries, 2001. National Vital Statistics Reports : From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, 52(21), 1-86.
Anderson RN, et al. Deaths: Injuries, 2001. Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2004 Jun 2;52(21):1-86. PubMed PMID: 15222463.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Deaths: injuries, 2001. AU - Anderson,Robert N, AU - Miniño,Arialdi M, AU - Fingerhut,Lois A, AU - Warner,Margaret, AU - Heinen,Melissa A, PY - 2004/6/30/pubmed PY - 2004/7/23/medline PY - 2004/6/30/entrez SP - 1 EP - 86 JF - National vital statistics reports : from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System JO - Natl Vital Stat Rep VL - 52 IS - 21 N2 - OBJECTIVES: This report presents injury mortality data for 2001 using the external cause of injury mortality matrix for the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10), a detailed and comprehensive framework for tabulating and presenting injury deaths by mechanism and intent of death. Data are presented by age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, and State. This report also presents data on injury deaths classified according to the nature of the injury sustained. Deaths resulting from the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, are presented and the impact of these deaths on the trends in injury mortality is discussed. This report supplements the annual report of final mortality statistics. METHODS: Data in this report are based on information from all death certificates filed in the 50 States and the District of Columbia in 2001. Causes of death and nature of injury are processed and coded in accordance with the ICD-10. RESULTS: In 2001, 157,078 resident deaths occurred as the result of injuries. Of these injury deaths, 64.6 percent were classified as unintentional, 19.5 percent were suicides, 12.9 percent were homicides, 2.7 percent were of undetermined intent, and 0.3 percent involved legal intervention or operations of war. The five leading mechanisms of injury death were motor vehicle traffic, firearm, poisoning, falls, and suffocation, accounting for 78 percent of all injury deaths. A head injury was mentioned in 32 percent of injury deaths and was the most commonly mentioned injury condition resulting in death. Poisoning and toxic effects were the second most common, mentioned in 16 percent of injury deaths and were the underlying cause of 14 percent of injury deaths. In 2001, 36,753 deaths (1.6 percent of deaths) had a natural underlying cause of death but included one or more mentions of an external cause on the death certificate. CONCLUSIONS: Injury mortality data presented in this report using the external cause of injury mortality matrix for ICD-10 provide detail on the mechanism of death needed for research and other activities related to injury prevention. This report also highlights the importance of multiple causes of death when analyzing injury mortality data. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) is involved in several ongoing projects related to the study of injury and injury mortality. SN - 1551-8922 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15222463/Deaths:_injuries_2001_ L2 - http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr52/nvsr52_21.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -