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School-milk intervention trial enhances growth and bone mineral accretion in Chinese girls aged 10-12 years in Beijing.
Br J Nutr 2004; 92(1):159-68BJ

Abstract

A 2-year milk intervention trial was carried out with 757 girls, aged 10 years, from nine primary schools in Beijing (April 1999 - March 2001). Schools were randomised into three groups: group 1, 238 girls consumed a carton of 330 ml milk fortified with Ca on school days over the study period; group 2, 260 girls received the same quantity of milk additionally fortified with 5 or 8 microg cholecalciferol; group 3, 259 control girls. Anthropometric and bone mineralisation measurements, as well as dietary, health and physical-activity data, were collected at baseline and after 12 and 24 months of the trial. Over the 2-year period the consumption of this milk, with or without added cholecalciferol, led to significant increases in the changes in height (> or =0.6 %), sitting height (> or =0.8 %), body weight (> or 2.9 %), and (size-adjusted) total-body bone mineral content (> or =1.2 %) and bone mineral density (> or =3.2 %). Those subjects receiving additional cholecalciferol compared with those receiving the milk without added 25-hydoxycholecalciferol had significantly greater increases in the change in (size-adjusted) total-body bone mineral content (2.4 v. 1.2 %) and bone mineral density (5.5 v. 3.2 %). The milk fortified with cholecalciferol significantly improved vitamin D status at the end of the trial compared with the milk alone or control groups. It is concluded that an increase in milk consumption, e.g. by means of school milk programmes, would improve bone growth during adolescence, particularly when Ca intake and vitamin D status are low.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. xdu@vetsci.usyd.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15230999

Citation

Du, Xueqin, et al. "School-milk Intervention Trial Enhances Growth and Bone Mineral Accretion in Chinese Girls Aged 10-12 Years in Beijing." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 92, no. 1, 2004, pp. 159-68.
Du X, Zhu K, Trube A, et al. School-milk intervention trial enhances growth and bone mineral accretion in Chinese girls aged 10-12 years in Beijing. Br J Nutr. 2004;92(1):159-68.
Du, X., Zhu, K., Trube, A., Zhang, Q., Ma, G., Hu, X., ... Greenfield, H. (2004). School-milk intervention trial enhances growth and bone mineral accretion in Chinese girls aged 10-12 years in Beijing. The British Journal of Nutrition, 92(1), pp. 159-68.
Du X, et al. School-milk Intervention Trial Enhances Growth and Bone Mineral Accretion in Chinese Girls Aged 10-12 Years in Beijing. Br J Nutr. 2004;92(1):159-68. PubMed PMID: 15230999.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - School-milk intervention trial enhances growth and bone mineral accretion in Chinese girls aged 10-12 years in Beijing. AU - Du,Xueqin, AU - Zhu,Kun, AU - Trube,Angelika, AU - Zhang,Qian, AU - Ma,Guansheng, AU - Hu,Xiaoqi, AU - Fraser,David R, AU - Greenfield,Heather, PY - 2004/7/3/pubmed PY - 2004/7/21/medline PY - 2004/7/3/entrez SP - 159 EP - 68 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 92 IS - 1 N2 - A 2-year milk intervention trial was carried out with 757 girls, aged 10 years, from nine primary schools in Beijing (April 1999 - March 2001). Schools were randomised into three groups: group 1, 238 girls consumed a carton of 330 ml milk fortified with Ca on school days over the study period; group 2, 260 girls received the same quantity of milk additionally fortified with 5 or 8 microg cholecalciferol; group 3, 259 control girls. Anthropometric and bone mineralisation measurements, as well as dietary, health and physical-activity data, were collected at baseline and after 12 and 24 months of the trial. Over the 2-year period the consumption of this milk, with or without added cholecalciferol, led to significant increases in the changes in height (> or =0.6 %), sitting height (> or =0.8 %), body weight (> or 2.9 %), and (size-adjusted) total-body bone mineral content (> or =1.2 %) and bone mineral density (> or =3.2 %). Those subjects receiving additional cholecalciferol compared with those receiving the milk without added 25-hydoxycholecalciferol had significantly greater increases in the change in (size-adjusted) total-body bone mineral content (2.4 v. 1.2 %) and bone mineral density (5.5 v. 3.2 %). The milk fortified with cholecalciferol significantly improved vitamin D status at the end of the trial compared with the milk alone or control groups. It is concluded that an increase in milk consumption, e.g. by means of school milk programmes, would improve bone growth during adolescence, particularly when Ca intake and vitamin D status are low. SN - 0007-1145 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15230999/School_milk_intervention_trial_enhances_growth_and_bone_mineral_accretion_in_Chinese_girls_aged_10_12_years_in_Beijing_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114504001412/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -