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Vegetables, fruits and phytoestrogens in the prevention of diseases.
J Postgrad Med 2004 Apr-Jun; 50(2):145-9JP

Abstract

The intake of 400-600 g/d of fruits and vegetables is associated with reduced incidence of many common forms of cancer, and diets rich in plant foods are also associated with a reduced risk of heart disease and many chronic diseases of ageing. These foods contain phytochemicals that have anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties which confer many health benefits. Many phytochemicals are colourful, and recommending a wide array of colourful fruits and vegetables is an easy way to communicate increased diversity of intake to the consumer. For example, red foods contain lycopene, the pigment in tomatoes, which is localized in the prostate gland and may be involved in maintaining prostate health, and which has also been linked with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease. Green foods, including broccoli, Brussels sprouts and kale, contain glucosinolates which have also been associated with a decreased risk of cancer. Garlic and other white-green foods in the onion family contain allyl sulphides which may inhibit cancer cell growth. Other bioactive substances in green tea and soybeans have health benefits as well. Consumers are advised to ingest one serving of each of the seven colour groups daily, putting this recommendation within the United States National Cancer Institute and American Institute for Cancer Research guidelines of five to nine servings per day. Grouping plant foods by colour provides simplification, but it is also important as a method to help consumers make wise food choices and promote health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

UCLA Center for Human Nutrition, Los Angeles, CA, USA. dheber@mednet.ucla.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15235216

Citation

Heber, David. "Vegetables, Fruits and Phytoestrogens in the Prevention of Diseases." Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, vol. 50, no. 2, 2004, pp. 145-9.
Heber D. Vegetables, fruits and phytoestrogens in the prevention of diseases. J Postgrad Med. 2004;50(2):145-9.
Heber, D. (2004). Vegetables, fruits and phytoestrogens in the prevention of diseases. Journal of Postgraduate Medicine, 50(2), pp. 145-9.
Heber D. Vegetables, Fruits and Phytoestrogens in the Prevention of Diseases. J Postgrad Med. 2004;50(2):145-9. PubMed PMID: 15235216.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vegetables, fruits and phytoestrogens in the prevention of diseases. A1 - Heber,David, PY - 2004/7/6/pubmed PY - 2005/1/29/medline PY - 2004/7/6/entrez SP - 145 EP - 9 JF - Journal of postgraduate medicine JO - J Postgrad Med VL - 50 IS - 2 N2 - The intake of 400-600 g/d of fruits and vegetables is associated with reduced incidence of many common forms of cancer, and diets rich in plant foods are also associated with a reduced risk of heart disease and many chronic diseases of ageing. These foods contain phytochemicals that have anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties which confer many health benefits. Many phytochemicals are colourful, and recommending a wide array of colourful fruits and vegetables is an easy way to communicate increased diversity of intake to the consumer. For example, red foods contain lycopene, the pigment in tomatoes, which is localized in the prostate gland and may be involved in maintaining prostate health, and which has also been linked with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease. Green foods, including broccoli, Brussels sprouts and kale, contain glucosinolates which have also been associated with a decreased risk of cancer. Garlic and other white-green foods in the onion family contain allyl sulphides which may inhibit cancer cell growth. Other bioactive substances in green tea and soybeans have health benefits as well. Consumers are advised to ingest one serving of each of the seven colour groups daily, putting this recommendation within the United States National Cancer Institute and American Institute for Cancer Research guidelines of five to nine servings per day. Grouping plant foods by colour provides simplification, but it is also important as a method to help consumers make wise food choices and promote health. SN - 0022-3859 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15235216/Vegetables_fruits_and_phytoestrogens_in_the_prevention_of_diseases_ L2 - http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=2004;volume=50;issue=2;spage=145;epage=149;aulast=Heber DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -