Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Determinants of children's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS): a study in Southern Germany.
J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol. 2004 Jul; 14(4):284-92.JE

Abstract

Maternal smoking has been repeatedly found to be the most important determinant of children's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). Here, we further investigated predictors for the urinary cotinine/creatinine ratio (CCR, ng/mg) in 1220 preschool children for the year 1996. Children from smoking homes (35.1%) had significantly higher CCR than children from nonsmoking homes (mean: 55.5 vs. 14.9 ng/mg). The level of education of the parents was a strong predictor for CCRs even after adjusting for number of cigarettes smoked, maternal smoking and dwelling space. Additionally, dwelling space was inversely related to children's urinary cotinine level. The CCR- levels in children investigated in 1996 and 1998 were significantly correlated (Pearson's r=0.67). The parents of 806 children agreed for a visit to their homes. In 79 of the 536 (14.7%) of the self-reported, nonsmoking households, smoking was admitted during the visit. The mean urinary CCR of these children was 25.2 ng/mg. We conclude that in addition to parental smoking behaviour, other variables such as dwelling space and social and educational status predict the children's exposure to ETS. Our data also revealed that a considerable percentage of parents denied the ETS exposure of their children at home.

Authors+Show Affiliations

ABF, Analytisch-biologisches Forschungslabor, Goethestrasse 20, 80336 München, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15254475

Citation

Scherer, Gerhard, et al. "Determinants of Children's Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS): a Study in Southern Germany." Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, vol. 14, no. 4, 2004, pp. 284-92.
Scherer G, Krämer U, Meger-Kossien I, et al. Determinants of children's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS): a study in Southern Germany. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol. 2004;14(4):284-92.
Scherer, G., Krämer, U., Meger-Kossien, I., Riedel, K., Heller, W. D., Link, E., Gostomzyk, J. G., Ring, J., & Behrendt, H. (2004). Determinants of children's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS): a study in Southern Germany. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, 14(4), 284-92.
Scherer G, et al. Determinants of Children's Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS): a Study in Southern Germany. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol. 2004;14(4):284-92. PubMed PMID: 15254475.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Determinants of children's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS): a study in Southern Germany. AU - Scherer,Gerhard, AU - Krämer,Ursula, AU - Meger-Kossien,Irmtrud, AU - Riedel,Kirsten, AU - Heller,Wolf-Dieter, AU - Link,Elke, AU - Gostomzyk,Johannes-Georg, AU - Ring,Johannes, AU - Behrendt,Heidrun, PY - 2004/7/16/pubmed PY - 2005/5/4/medline PY - 2004/7/16/entrez SP - 284 EP - 92 JF - Journal of exposure analysis and environmental epidemiology JO - J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol VL - 14 IS - 4 N2 - Maternal smoking has been repeatedly found to be the most important determinant of children's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). Here, we further investigated predictors for the urinary cotinine/creatinine ratio (CCR, ng/mg) in 1220 preschool children for the year 1996. Children from smoking homes (35.1%) had significantly higher CCR than children from nonsmoking homes (mean: 55.5 vs. 14.9 ng/mg). The level of education of the parents was a strong predictor for CCRs even after adjusting for number of cigarettes smoked, maternal smoking and dwelling space. Additionally, dwelling space was inversely related to children's urinary cotinine level. The CCR- levels in children investigated in 1996 and 1998 were significantly correlated (Pearson's r=0.67). The parents of 806 children agreed for a visit to their homes. In 79 of the 536 (14.7%) of the self-reported, nonsmoking households, smoking was admitted during the visit. The mean urinary CCR of these children was 25.2 ng/mg. We conclude that in addition to parental smoking behaviour, other variables such as dwelling space and social and educational status predict the children's exposure to ETS. Our data also revealed that a considerable percentage of parents denied the ETS exposure of their children at home. SN - 1053-4245 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15254475/Determinants_of_children's_exposure_to_environmental_tobacco_smoke__ETS_:_a_study_in_Southern_Germany_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.jea.7500323 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -