Daxx deletion mutant (amino acids 501-625)-induced apoptosis occurs through the JNK/p38-Bax-dependent mitochondrial pathway.J Cell Biochem. 2004 Aug 15; 92(6):1257-70.JC
Death-associated protein (Daxx) deletion mutant (aa 501-625) has been known to be an inducer of apoptosis. In this study, we observed that the Bax-dependent mitochondrial death signaling pathway plays an important role in Daxx501-625-induced apoptosis. Daxx fragment-induced activation of caspase-9 and -3 was mediated through the apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1)-MEK-c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK)/p38-Bax pathway. By overexpressing JNK-binding domain (JBD) of JIP1, a JNK-inhibitory protein, and treatment with SB203580, a specific p38 inhibitor, DU-145 cells were made resistant to Daxx501-625-induced apoptosis. Capase-3 deficiency, Bax deficiency, or overexpression of a dominant-negative caspase-9 mutant prevented apoptosis, even though the Daxx501-625 fragment still activated the ASK1-MEK-MAPK pathway. Interestingly, Daxx501-625-induced Bcl-2 interacting domain (Bid) cleavage was suppressed in the dominant-negative caspase-9 mutant cells, whereas Bim was still phosphorylated in these cells. These results suggest that cleavage of Bid occurs downstream of caspase-9 activation. In contrast, phosphorylation of Bim is upstream of caspase-9 activation. Taken together, our results suggest that Daxx501-625-induced apoptosis is mediated through the ASK1-MEK-JNK/p38-Bim-Bax-dependent caspase pathway.