Seborrhoeic dermatitis: current treatment practices.Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2004 Aug; 5(8):1755-65.EO
Seborrhoeic dermatitis (SD) is a recurrent, chronic inflammation of the skin that occurs on sebum rich areas such as the face, scalp and chest, characterised by red scaly lesions. The are many studies indicating that Malassezia yeasts play an important role in the aetiology of this condition, most of the evidence for which comes from demonstrated responsiveness to treatment with antifungal agents. Its aetiology, however, is far from being resolved. Some believe that it is the immune response of the skin to the Malassezia that is the cause of the disease. Traditional treatments of SD have been the use of keratolytic agents or corticosteroids. Since the discovery of ketoconazole, a considerable amount of research has been focused on determining the efficacy of various antifungal agents. This article reviews clinical trial data on treatment options available for SD.