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Do smokers know how to quit? Knowledge and perceived effectiveness of cessation assistance as predictors of cessation behaviour.
Addiction. 2004 Aug; 99(8):1042-8.A

Abstract

AIMS

Despite the existence of effective cessation methods, the vast majority of smokers attempt to quit on their own. To date, there is little evidence to explain the low adoption rates for effective forms of cessation assistance, including pharmaceutical aids. This study sought to assess smokers' awareness and perceived effectiveness of cessation methods and to examine the relationship of this knowledge to cessation behaviour.

DESIGN

A random-digit-dial telephone survey (response rate = 76%) with 3-month follow-up was conducted with 616 adult daily smokers in South-Western Ontario, Canada.

MEASUREMENTS

A baseline survey assessed smoking behaviour, as well as smokers' awareness and perceived effectiveness of cessation assistance. A follow-up survey measured changes in smoking behaviour and adoption of cessation assistance at 3 months.

FINDINGS

Participants demonstrated a poor recall of cessation methods: 45% of participants did not recall nicotine gum, 33% did not recall the nicotine patch and 57% did not recall bupropion. Also, many participants did not believe that the following cessation methods would increase their likelihood of quitting: nicotine replacement therapies (36%), bupropion (35%), counselling from a health professional (66%) and group counselling/quit programmes (50%). In addition, 78% of smokers indicated that they were just as likely to quit on their own as they were with assistance. Most important, participants who perceived cessation methods to be effective at baseline, were more likely to intend to quit (OR = 1.80, 95% CI: 1.12-2.90), make a quit attempt at follow-up (OR = 1.80, 95% CI: 1.03-3.16) and to adopt cessation assistance when doing so (OR = 3.62, 95% CI: 1.04-12.58).

CONCLUSIONS

This research suggests that many smokers may be unaware of effective cessation methods and most underestimate their benefit. Further, this lack of knowledge may represent a significant barrier to treatment adoption.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. dhammond@uwaterloo.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15265101

Citation

Hammond, D, et al. "Do Smokers Know How to Quit? Knowledge and Perceived Effectiveness of Cessation Assistance as Predictors of Cessation Behaviour." Addiction (Abingdon, England), vol. 99, no. 8, 2004, pp. 1042-8.
Hammond D, McDonald PW, Fong GT, et al. Do smokers know how to quit? Knowledge and perceived effectiveness of cessation assistance as predictors of cessation behaviour. Addiction. 2004;99(8):1042-8.
Hammond, D., McDonald, P. W., Fong, G. T., & Borland, R. (2004). Do smokers know how to quit? Knowledge and perceived effectiveness of cessation assistance as predictors of cessation behaviour. Addiction (Abingdon, England), 99(8), 1042-8.
Hammond D, et al. Do Smokers Know How to Quit? Knowledge and Perceived Effectiveness of Cessation Assistance as Predictors of Cessation Behaviour. Addiction. 2004;99(8):1042-8. PubMed PMID: 15265101.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Do smokers know how to quit? Knowledge and perceived effectiveness of cessation assistance as predictors of cessation behaviour. AU - Hammond,D, AU - McDonald,P W, AU - Fong,G T, AU - Borland,R, PY - 2004/7/22/pubmed PY - 2004/11/13/medline PY - 2004/7/22/entrez SP - 1042 EP - 8 JF - Addiction (Abingdon, England) JO - Addiction VL - 99 IS - 8 N2 - AIMS: Despite the existence of effective cessation methods, the vast majority of smokers attempt to quit on their own. To date, there is little evidence to explain the low adoption rates for effective forms of cessation assistance, including pharmaceutical aids. This study sought to assess smokers' awareness and perceived effectiveness of cessation methods and to examine the relationship of this knowledge to cessation behaviour. DESIGN: A random-digit-dial telephone survey (response rate = 76%) with 3-month follow-up was conducted with 616 adult daily smokers in South-Western Ontario, Canada. MEASUREMENTS: A baseline survey assessed smoking behaviour, as well as smokers' awareness and perceived effectiveness of cessation assistance. A follow-up survey measured changes in smoking behaviour and adoption of cessation assistance at 3 months. FINDINGS: Participants demonstrated a poor recall of cessation methods: 45% of participants did not recall nicotine gum, 33% did not recall the nicotine patch and 57% did not recall bupropion. Also, many participants did not believe that the following cessation methods would increase their likelihood of quitting: nicotine replacement therapies (36%), bupropion (35%), counselling from a health professional (66%) and group counselling/quit programmes (50%). In addition, 78% of smokers indicated that they were just as likely to quit on their own as they were with assistance. Most important, participants who perceived cessation methods to be effective at baseline, were more likely to intend to quit (OR = 1.80, 95% CI: 1.12-2.90), make a quit attempt at follow-up (OR = 1.80, 95% CI: 1.03-3.16) and to adopt cessation assistance when doing so (OR = 3.62, 95% CI: 1.04-12.58). CONCLUSIONS: This research suggests that many smokers may be unaware of effective cessation methods and most underestimate their benefit. Further, this lack of knowledge may represent a significant barrier to treatment adoption. SN - 0965-2140 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15265101/Do_smokers_know_how_to_quit_Knowledge_and_perceived_effectiveness_of_cessation_assistance_as_predictors_of_cessation_behaviour_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0965-2140&date=2004&volume=99&issue=8&spage=1042 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -