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Family discord and stress predictors of depression and other disorders in adolescent children of depressed and nondepressed women.
J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2004 Aug; 43(8):994-1002.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To test the hypothesis that family stress variables are associated with the effects of maternal depression on offspring diagnoses and examined whether such factors may be differentially associated with disorders in offspring of depressed and never-depressed women.

METHOD

Eight hundred sixteen mothers and their 15-year-old children in an Australian community completed cross-sectional assessments of mother and youth diagnoses, interviewer-rated and self-reported quality of marital relationship/status, quality of parent-child relationship, and interviews for youth chronic and episodic stress. Women with depression histories were oversampled and included 458 never-depressed and 358 women with current or past major depressive episodes or dysthymic disorder.

RESULTS

Significant interaction effects were found between maternal depression and family discord/stress variables such that high levels of environmental risk factors were significantly associated with youth depression in children of depressed women compared with low levels of adverse conditions and were generally less associated with depression in children of nondepressed women. Nondepressive disorders were associated with adverse family and stress factors for both groups of children.

CONCLUSIONS

The results are consistent with a multiple risk factor model of depression transmission in high-risk families and suggest a pattern of reactivity to adverse conditions among children of depressed women. The results suggest that psychosocial factors may contribute to diagnoses in offspring of depressed women in community samples.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1563, USA. hammen@psych.ucla.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15266194

Citation

Hammen, Constance, et al. "Family Discord and Stress Predictors of Depression and Other Disorders in Adolescent Children of Depressed and Nondepressed Women." Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 43, no. 8, 2004, pp. 994-1002.
Hammen C, Brennan PA, Shih JH. Family discord and stress predictors of depression and other disorders in adolescent children of depressed and nondepressed women. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2004;43(8):994-1002.
Hammen, C., Brennan, P. A., & Shih, J. H. (2004). Family discord and stress predictors of depression and other disorders in adolescent children of depressed and nondepressed women. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43(8), 994-1002.
Hammen C, Brennan PA, Shih JH. Family Discord and Stress Predictors of Depression and Other Disorders in Adolescent Children of Depressed and Nondepressed Women. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2004;43(8):994-1002. PubMed PMID: 15266194.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Family discord and stress predictors of depression and other disorders in adolescent children of depressed and nondepressed women. AU - Hammen,Constance, AU - Brennan,Patricia A, AU - Shih,Josephine H, PY - 2004/7/22/pubmed PY - 2004/10/1/medline PY - 2004/7/22/entrez SP - 994 EP - 1002 JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry JO - J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 43 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that family stress variables are associated with the effects of maternal depression on offspring diagnoses and examined whether such factors may be differentially associated with disorders in offspring of depressed and never-depressed women. METHOD: Eight hundred sixteen mothers and their 15-year-old children in an Australian community completed cross-sectional assessments of mother and youth diagnoses, interviewer-rated and self-reported quality of marital relationship/status, quality of parent-child relationship, and interviews for youth chronic and episodic stress. Women with depression histories were oversampled and included 458 never-depressed and 358 women with current or past major depressive episodes or dysthymic disorder. RESULTS: Significant interaction effects were found between maternal depression and family discord/stress variables such that high levels of environmental risk factors were significantly associated with youth depression in children of depressed women compared with low levels of adverse conditions and were generally less associated with depression in children of nondepressed women. Nondepressive disorders were associated with adverse family and stress factors for both groups of children. CONCLUSIONS: The results are consistent with a multiple risk factor model of depression transmission in high-risk families and suggest a pattern of reactivity to adverse conditions among children of depressed women. The results suggest that psychosocial factors may contribute to diagnoses in offspring of depressed women in community samples. SN - 0890-8567 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15266194/Family_discord_and_stress_predictors_of_depression_and_other_disorders_in_adolescent_children_of_depressed_and_nondepressed_women_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0890-8567(09)61363-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -