Anxiolytic-like effects of MTEP, a potent and selective mGlu5 receptor agonist does not involve GABA(A) signaling.Neuropharmacology. 2004 Sep; 47(3):342-50.N
Several lines of evidence suggest a crucial involvement of glutamate in the mechanism of action of anxiolytic drugs including the involvement of group I metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors. Given the recent discovery of a selective and brain penetrable mGlu5 receptor antagonists, the effect of 3-[(2-methyl-1,3-thiazol-4-yl)ethynyl]-pyridine (MTEP), i.e. the most potent mGlu5 antagonist, was evaluated in established models of anxiety after single or repeated administration. We also studied if the anxiolytic effect of MTEP is mediated by mechanism involving the GABA-benzodiazepine (BZD) receptor complex. Experiments were performed on male Wistar rats or male Albino Swiss mice. The anxiolytic-like effects of MTEP were tested in the conflict drinking test and the elevated plus-maze test in rats as well as in the four-plate test in mice. MTEP (0.3-3.0 mg/kg) induced anxiolytic-like effects in the conflict drinking test (after single and repeated administration) and in the elevated plus-maze test in rats. In the four-plate test in mice, it exerted anxiolytic activity at a dose of 20 mg/kg. MTEP had no effect on the locomotor activity of animals. The anxiolytic-like effect of MTEP was not changed by BZD antagonist flumazenil. Moreover, a synergistic interaction between non-effective doses of MTEP and diazepam was observed in the conflict drinking test. These data suggest that selective mGlu5 receptor antagonists mediated anxiolysis is not dependent on GABA-ergic system and that these agents may play a role in the therapy of anxiety.