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Management of stage IV glottic carcinoma: therapeutic outcomes.
Laryngoscope. 2004 Aug; 114(8):1438-46.L

Abstract

OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS

The best therapeutic approach for the treatment of stage IV glottic carcinoma is controversial.

STUDY DESIGN

A retrospective study.

METHODS

A retrospective study of Tumor Research Project data was performed using patients with stage IV glottic squamous cell carcinoma treated with curative intent by five different treatment modalities from 1955 to 1998 at Washington University School of Medicine and Barnes-Jewish Hospital (St. Louis, MO).

RESULTS

Ninety-six patients with stage IV glottic carcinoma were treated by five modalities: total laryngectomy (TL) (n = 13), total laryngectomy with neck dissection (TL/ND) (n = 18), radiation therapy alone (RT) (n = 7) (median dose, 69.5 Gy), total laryngectomy combined with radiation therapy (TL/RT) (n = 10), and total laryngectomy and neck dissection combined with radiation therapy (TL/ND/RT) (n = 48). The overall 5-year observed survival (OS) rate was 39%, and the 5-year disease-specific survival (DSS) rate was 45%. The 5-year DSS rates for the individual treatment modalities included the following: TL, 58.3%; TL/ND, 42.9%; RT, 50.0%; TL/RT, 30.0%; and TL/ND/RT, 43.9%. There was no significant difference in DSS for any individual treatment modality (P =.759). The overall locoregional control rate was 69% (66 of 96). The overall recurrence rate was 39% with recurrence at the primary site and in the neck at 19% and 17%, respectively. Recurrence was not related to treatment modality. The 5-year DSS after treatment of locally recurrent cancer (salvage rate) was 30% (3 of 10) and for recurrent neck disease (28 of 67) was 42%. The incidence of delayed regional metastases was 28%; of distant metastasis, 12%; and of second primary cancers, 9%. There was no statistically significant difference in survival between node-negative (N0) necks initially treated (5-y DSS, 31%) versus N0 necks observed and later treated if necessary (5-y DSS, 44%) (P =.685).

CONCLUSION

The five treatment modalities had statistically similar survival, recurrence, and complication rates. The overall 5-year DSS for patients with stage IV glottic carcinoma was 45%, and the OS was 39%. The cumulative disease-specific survival (CDSS) was 0.4770 with a mean survival of 10.1 years and a median survival of 3.9 years. Patients younger than age 55 years had better survival (DSS) than patients 56 years of age or older (P =.0002). Patients with early T stage had better survival than patients with more advanced T stage (P =.04). Tumor recurrence at the primary site (P =.0001) and in the neck (P =.014) and distant metastasis (P =.0001) had a deleterious effect on survival. Tumor recurrence was not related to treatment modality. Patients with clear margins of resection had a statistically significant improved survival (DSS and CDSS) compared with patients with close or involved margins (P =.0001). Post-treatment quality of life was not significantly related to treatment modality. Patients whose N0 neck was treated with observation and appropriate treatment for subsequent neck disease had statistically similar survival compared with patients whose N0 neck was treated prophylactically at the time of treatment of the primary. A minimum of 7 years of follow-up is recommended for early identification of recurrent disease, second primary tumors, and distant metastasis. None of the standard treatment modalities currently employed has a statistical advantage regarding survival, recurrence, complications, or quality of life.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15280724

Citation

Spector, Gershon J., et al. "Management of Stage IV Glottic Carcinoma: Therapeutic Outcomes." The Laryngoscope, vol. 114, no. 8, 2004, pp. 1438-46.
Spector GJ, Sessions DG, Lenox J, et al. Management of stage IV glottic carcinoma: therapeutic outcomes. Laryngoscope. 2004;114(8):1438-46.
Spector, G. J., Sessions, D. G., Lenox, J., Newland, D., Simpson, J., & Haughey, B. H. (2004). Management of stage IV glottic carcinoma: therapeutic outcomes. The Laryngoscope, 114(8), 1438-46.
Spector GJ, et al. Management of Stage IV Glottic Carcinoma: Therapeutic Outcomes. Laryngoscope. 2004;114(8):1438-46. PubMed PMID: 15280724.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Management of stage IV glottic carcinoma: therapeutic outcomes. AU - Spector,Gershon J, AU - Sessions,Donald G, AU - Lenox,Jason, AU - Newland,Donald, AU - Simpson,Joseph, AU - Haughey,Bruce H, PY - 2004/7/29/pubmed PY - 2004/9/1/medline PY - 2004/7/29/entrez SP - 1438 EP - 46 JF - The Laryngoscope JO - Laryngoscope VL - 114 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The best therapeutic approach for the treatment of stage IV glottic carcinoma is controversial. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. METHODS: A retrospective study of Tumor Research Project data was performed using patients with stage IV glottic squamous cell carcinoma treated with curative intent by five different treatment modalities from 1955 to 1998 at Washington University School of Medicine and Barnes-Jewish Hospital (St. Louis, MO). RESULTS: Ninety-six patients with stage IV glottic carcinoma were treated by five modalities: total laryngectomy (TL) (n = 13), total laryngectomy with neck dissection (TL/ND) (n = 18), radiation therapy alone (RT) (n = 7) (median dose, 69.5 Gy), total laryngectomy combined with radiation therapy (TL/RT) (n = 10), and total laryngectomy and neck dissection combined with radiation therapy (TL/ND/RT) (n = 48). The overall 5-year observed survival (OS) rate was 39%, and the 5-year disease-specific survival (DSS) rate was 45%. The 5-year DSS rates for the individual treatment modalities included the following: TL, 58.3%; TL/ND, 42.9%; RT, 50.0%; TL/RT, 30.0%; and TL/ND/RT, 43.9%. There was no significant difference in DSS for any individual treatment modality (P =.759). The overall locoregional control rate was 69% (66 of 96). The overall recurrence rate was 39% with recurrence at the primary site and in the neck at 19% and 17%, respectively. Recurrence was not related to treatment modality. The 5-year DSS after treatment of locally recurrent cancer (salvage rate) was 30% (3 of 10) and for recurrent neck disease (28 of 67) was 42%. The incidence of delayed regional metastases was 28%; of distant metastasis, 12%; and of second primary cancers, 9%. There was no statistically significant difference in survival between node-negative (N0) necks initially treated (5-y DSS, 31%) versus N0 necks observed and later treated if necessary (5-y DSS, 44%) (P =.685). CONCLUSION: The five treatment modalities had statistically similar survival, recurrence, and complication rates. The overall 5-year DSS for patients with stage IV glottic carcinoma was 45%, and the OS was 39%. The cumulative disease-specific survival (CDSS) was 0.4770 with a mean survival of 10.1 years and a median survival of 3.9 years. Patients younger than age 55 years had better survival (DSS) than patients 56 years of age or older (P =.0002). Patients with early T stage had better survival than patients with more advanced T stage (P =.04). Tumor recurrence at the primary site (P =.0001) and in the neck (P =.014) and distant metastasis (P =.0001) had a deleterious effect on survival. Tumor recurrence was not related to treatment modality. Patients with clear margins of resection had a statistically significant improved survival (DSS and CDSS) compared with patients with close or involved margins (P =.0001). Post-treatment quality of life was not significantly related to treatment modality. Patients whose N0 neck was treated with observation and appropriate treatment for subsequent neck disease had statistically similar survival compared with patients whose N0 neck was treated prophylactically at the time of treatment of the primary. A minimum of 7 years of follow-up is recommended for early identification of recurrent disease, second primary tumors, and distant metastasis. None of the standard treatment modalities currently employed has a statistical advantage regarding survival, recurrence, complications, or quality of life. SN - 0023-852X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15280724/Management_of_stage_IV_glottic_carcinoma:_therapeutic_outcomes_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/00005537-200408000-00024 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -