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Correctional treatment for co-occurring disorders: results of a national survey.
Behav Sci Law 2004; 22(4):563-84BS

Abstract

The significant expansion of correctional populations in the last decade, coupled with the gradual erosion of community treatment infrastructure and health insurance, have brought greater attention to the needs of offenders who have co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders. Individuals with co-occurring disorders frequently cycle through acute care facilities in the community and increasingly are placed in jails or prisons. Approximately 16% of inmates in correctional facilities have major mental health disorders (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1999), and a large majority of these inmates have co-occurring substance use disorders. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of correctional treatment for co-occurring disorders, and there is little information available regarding clinical and programmatic approaches used with this population. The current study provides findings from a comprehensive national survey of co-occurring disorder treatment programs in correctional settings. A total of 20 co-occurring disorder treatment programs from 13 state correctional systems were identified and surveyed. Many of the programs featured modified therapeutic communities, but there was significant diversity in the duration of treatment and type of services provided. Several unique structural and clinical modifications to treatment have been developed in these settings. Implementation of co-occurring disorder treatment programs has led to enhanced collaboration with prison health services and community supervision and treatment agencies, and greater use of interdisciplinary staff to provide outreach and case management services. Research is now being conducted to examine outcomes in several of these correctional treatment programs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Mental Health Law and Policy, Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute, University of South Florida, Tampa 33612, USA. peters@fmhi.usf.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15282840

Citation

Peters, Roger H., et al. "Correctional Treatment for Co-occurring Disorders: Results of a National Survey." Behavioral Sciences & the Law, vol. 22, no. 4, 2004, pp. 563-84.
Peters RH, LeVasseur ME, Chandler RK. Correctional treatment for co-occurring disorders: results of a national survey. Behav Sci Law. 2004;22(4):563-84.
Peters, R. H., LeVasseur, M. E., & Chandler, R. K. (2004). Correctional treatment for co-occurring disorders: results of a national survey. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 22(4), pp. 563-84.
Peters RH, LeVasseur ME, Chandler RK. Correctional Treatment for Co-occurring Disorders: Results of a National Survey. Behav Sci Law. 2004;22(4):563-84. PubMed PMID: 15282840.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Correctional treatment for co-occurring disorders: results of a national survey. AU - Peters,Roger H, AU - LeVasseur,Michelle E, AU - Chandler,Redonna K, PY - 2004/7/30/pubmed PY - 2004/12/16/medline PY - 2004/7/30/entrez SP - 563 EP - 84 JF - Behavioral sciences & the law JO - Behav Sci Law VL - 22 IS - 4 N2 - The significant expansion of correctional populations in the last decade, coupled with the gradual erosion of community treatment infrastructure and health insurance, have brought greater attention to the needs of offenders who have co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders. Individuals with co-occurring disorders frequently cycle through acute care facilities in the community and increasingly are placed in jails or prisons. Approximately 16% of inmates in correctional facilities have major mental health disorders (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1999), and a large majority of these inmates have co-occurring substance use disorders. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of correctional treatment for co-occurring disorders, and there is little information available regarding clinical and programmatic approaches used with this population. The current study provides findings from a comprehensive national survey of co-occurring disorder treatment programs in correctional settings. A total of 20 co-occurring disorder treatment programs from 13 state correctional systems were identified and surveyed. Many of the programs featured modified therapeutic communities, but there was significant diversity in the duration of treatment and type of services provided. Several unique structural and clinical modifications to treatment have been developed in these settings. Implementation of co-occurring disorder treatment programs has led to enhanced collaboration with prison health services and community supervision and treatment agencies, and greater use of interdisciplinary staff to provide outreach and case management services. Research is now being conducted to examine outcomes in several of these correctional treatment programs. SN - 0735-3936 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15282840/Correctional_treatment_for_co_occurring_disorders:_results_of_a_national_survey_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/bsl.607 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -