Effect of HRT on hormone responses to resistance exercise in post-menopausal women.Maturitas 2004; 48(4):360-71M
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on the acute and chronic hormonal responses to resistance exercise in post-menopausal women.
Thirty-two post-menopausal women were recruited for this study; 16 who were currently using HRT and 16 who were not using HRT. Subjects in both the HRT and NHRT groups were randomly assigned to either a resistance training group (N = 16; 8 HRT and 8 NHRT) or a control group (N = 16; 8 HRT and 8 NHRT). The training group completed a supervised resistance training program three times a week for 12 weeks. To evaluate changes in hormone levels, resting blood samples were drawn at weeks 0, 4, and 13 of the program. In addition, at weeks 0 and 13, post-exercise blood samples were drawn in order to examine the hormone response to an acute bout of resistance exercise. Samples were analyzed for serum growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), testosterone, estradiol, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and cortisol.
There were no significant changes in resting hormone levels between weeks 0, 4, and 13 of the training program. There was a significant week-by-group interaction for DHEA (P < 0.05) and cortisol (P < 0.05) with the NHRT-training group having a greater post-exercise increase in DHEA and cortisol after training. Overall, the post-exercise GH levels were significantly greater than pre-exercise (P < 0.05) or recovery levels (P < 0.01). There were no significant differences between HRT and NHRT groups in the acute hormone response to exercise.
These results indicate that HRT will not have an effect on the acute or chronic hormone response to a recreational resistance training program in post-menopausal women.