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Dietary supplement use by US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000.
Am J Epidemiol. 2004 Aug 15; 160(4):339-49.AJ

Abstract

Data from the 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey of US health and nutrition, were analyzed to assess prevalence of dietary supplement use overall and in relation to lifestyle and demographic characteristics. Fifty-two percent of adults reported taking a dietary supplement in the past month; 35% took a multivitamin/multimineral. Vitamin C, vitamin E, B-complex vitamins, calcium, and calcium-containing antacids were taken by more than 5% of adults. In bivariate analyses, female gender, older age, more education, non-Hispanic White race/ethnicity, any physical activity, normal/underweight, more frequent wine or distilled spirit consumption, former smoking, and excellent/very good self-reported health were associated with greater use of any supplement and of multivitamin/multiminerals; in multivariable comparisons, the latter three characteristics were not associated with supplement use. Most supplements were taken daily and for at least 2 years. Forty-seven percent of adult supplement users took just one supplement; 55% of women and 63% of adults aged >or=60 years took more than one. These findings suggest that, to minimize possible spurious associations, epidemiologic studies of diet, demography, or lifestyle and health take dietary supplement use into account because of 1) supplements' large contribution to nutrient intake and 2) differential use of supplements by demographic and lifestyle characteristics.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA. kir5@cdc.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15286019

Citation

Radimer, Kathy, et al. "Dietary Supplement Use By US Adults: Data From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000." American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 160, no. 4, 2004, pp. 339-49.
Radimer K, Bindewald B, Hughes J, et al. Dietary supplement use by US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000. Am J Epidemiol. 2004;160(4):339-49.
Radimer, K., Bindewald, B., Hughes, J., Ervin, B., Swanson, C., & Picciano, M. F. (2004). Dietary supplement use by US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000. American Journal of Epidemiology, 160(4), 339-49.
Radimer K, et al. Dietary Supplement Use By US Adults: Data From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000. Am J Epidemiol. 2004 Aug 15;160(4):339-49. PubMed PMID: 15286019.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary supplement use by US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000. AU - Radimer,Kathy, AU - Bindewald,Bernadette, AU - Hughes,Jeffery, AU - Ervin,Bethene, AU - Swanson,Christine, AU - Picciano,Mary Frances, PY - 2004/8/3/pubmed PY - 2004/9/24/medline PY - 2004/8/3/entrez SP - 339 EP - 49 JF - American journal of epidemiology JO - Am. J. Epidemiol. VL - 160 IS - 4 N2 - Data from the 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey of US health and nutrition, were analyzed to assess prevalence of dietary supplement use overall and in relation to lifestyle and demographic characteristics. Fifty-two percent of adults reported taking a dietary supplement in the past month; 35% took a multivitamin/multimineral. Vitamin C, vitamin E, B-complex vitamins, calcium, and calcium-containing antacids were taken by more than 5% of adults. In bivariate analyses, female gender, older age, more education, non-Hispanic White race/ethnicity, any physical activity, normal/underweight, more frequent wine or distilled spirit consumption, former smoking, and excellent/very good self-reported health were associated with greater use of any supplement and of multivitamin/multiminerals; in multivariable comparisons, the latter three characteristics were not associated with supplement use. Most supplements were taken daily and for at least 2 years. Forty-seven percent of adult supplement users took just one supplement; 55% of women and 63% of adults aged >or=60 years took more than one. These findings suggest that, to minimize possible spurious associations, epidemiologic studies of diet, demography, or lifestyle and health take dietary supplement use into account because of 1) supplements' large contribution to nutrient intake and 2) differential use of supplements by demographic and lifestyle characteristics. SN - 0002-9262 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15286019/Dietary_supplement_use_by_US_adults:_data_from_the_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey_1999_2000_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/aje/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/aje/kwh207 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -