Ineffective oesophageal motility does not affect the clinical outcome of open Nissen fundoplication.Br J Surg 2004; 91(8):1010-4BJ
Nissen fundoplication is considered the 'gold standard' in antireflux surgery but some surgeons employ a different surgical strategy when gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is associated with motor disorders of the oesophageal body.
Ninety-three patients undergoing surgery for GORD were divided into two groups: 52 patients (group 1) had normal oesophageal body motility and 41 (group 2) had ineffective oesophageal motility (IOM). All patients had a short Nissen fundoplication via a laparotomy. The median follow-up was 5 years in group 1 and 6.5 years in group 2.
The clinical outcome was satisfactory in more than 90 per cent of the patients in both groups. Only one of ten patients with IOM and dysphagia before operation still had dysphagia after surgery. One patient in each group developed postoperative dysphagia. Six of 52 patients with normal motility and eight of 41 with IOM had persistent pathological acid reflux after surgery. Significant increases in contractile wave pressure and a decrease in the percentage of non-propagated waves were found in group 2 after fundoplication.
Patients with IOM did not have an increased rate of dysphagia after total fundoplication compared with those with normal motility, but they did have a higher rate of recurrence of endoscopic and pH-proven reflux.