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Who are the kids who self-harm? An Australian self-report school survey.
Med J Aust 2004; 181(3):140-4MJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the prevalence and types of deliberate self-harm (DSH) in adolescents, and associated factors.

DESIGN

A cross-sectional questionnaire study.

PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING

3757 of 4097 Year 10 and Year 11 students (91.7%) from 14 high schools on the Gold Coast, Queensland, during September 2002.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

DSH behaviour, including descriptions of the last act, psychological symptoms, recent stressors, coping styles, help-seeking behaviour, lifestyle choices, and self-prescribing of medications.

RESULTS

233 students (6.2%) met the criteria for DSH in the previous 12 months, with DSH more prevalent in females than males (OR, 7.5; 95% CI, 5.1-10.9). The main methods were self-cutting (138 respondents; 59.2%) and overdosing with medication (69 respondents; 29.6%). Factors associated with DSH included similar behaviours in friends or family, coping by self-blame, and self-prescribing of medications. Most self-harmers did not seek help before or after their most recent action, with those who did primarily consulting friends.

CONCLUSIONS

DSH is common in Australian youth, especially in females. Preventive programs should encourage young people to consult health professionals in stressful situations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University, Messines Ridge Road, Mt Gravatt, Queensland 4122, Australia. d.deleo@griffith.edu.auNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15287831

Citation

De Leo, Diego, and Travis S. Heller. "Who Are the Kids Who Self-harm? an Australian Self-report School Survey." The Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 181, no. 3, 2004, pp. 140-4.
De Leo D, Heller TS. Who are the kids who self-harm? An Australian self-report school survey. Med J Aust. 2004;181(3):140-4.
De Leo, D., & Heller, T. S. (2004). Who are the kids who self-harm? An Australian self-report school survey. The Medical Journal of Australia, 181(3), pp. 140-4.
De Leo D, Heller TS. Who Are the Kids Who Self-harm? an Australian Self-report School Survey. Med J Aust. 2004 Aug 2;181(3):140-4. PubMed PMID: 15287831.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Who are the kids who self-harm? An Australian self-report school survey. AU - De Leo,Diego, AU - Heller,Travis S, PY - 2003/09/23/received PY - 2004/04/27/accepted PY - 2004/8/4/pubmed PY - 2004/9/24/medline PY - 2004/8/4/entrez SP - 140 EP - 4 JF - The Medical journal of Australia JO - Med. J. Aust. VL - 181 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and types of deliberate self-harm (DSH) in adolescents, and associated factors. DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire study. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 3757 of 4097 Year 10 and Year 11 students (91.7%) from 14 high schools on the Gold Coast, Queensland, during September 2002. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: DSH behaviour, including descriptions of the last act, psychological symptoms, recent stressors, coping styles, help-seeking behaviour, lifestyle choices, and self-prescribing of medications. RESULTS: 233 students (6.2%) met the criteria for DSH in the previous 12 months, with DSH more prevalent in females than males (OR, 7.5; 95% CI, 5.1-10.9). The main methods were self-cutting (138 respondents; 59.2%) and overdosing with medication (69 respondents; 29.6%). Factors associated with DSH included similar behaviours in friends or family, coping by self-blame, and self-prescribing of medications. Most self-harmers did not seek help before or after their most recent action, with those who did primarily consulting friends. CONCLUSIONS: DSH is common in Australian youth, especially in females. Preventive programs should encourage young people to consult health professionals in stressful situations. SN - 0025-729X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15287831/Who_are_the_kids_who_self_harm_An_Australian_self_report_school_survey_ L2 - https://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/181_03_020804/del10634_fm.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -