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Prevalence of obesity and associated risk factors in a Turkish population (trabzon city, Turkey).
Obes Res 2004; 12(7):1117-27OR

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity (general and central) in the Trabzon Region and its associations with demographic factors (age, sex, marital status, reproductive history in women, and level of education), socioeconomic factors (household income and occupation), family history of selected medical conditions (diabetes, hypertension, and obesity), lifestyle factors (smoking habits, physical activity, and alcohol consumption), and hypertension in the adult population.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES

A sample of households was systematically selected from the central province of Trabzon and its five towns, namely, Sürmene, Vakfikebir, Maçka, Hayrat, and Tonya. A total of 5016 subjects (2728 women and 2288 men) were included in the study. Individuals more than 20 years old were selected from their family health cards. Demographic factors, socioeconomic factors, family history of selected medical conditions, and lifestyle factors were obtained for all participants. Systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure levels were measured for all subjects. Study procedures were carried out in the local health centers in each town over an 8-month period. Obesity was defined as BMI > or = 30 kg/m2 and overweight as BMI = 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m2.

RESULTS

The prevalence of obesity was 23.5%: 29.4% in women and 16.5% in men. The combined prevalence of both overweight and obesity was 60.3%. The prevalence of abdominal obesity was 29.4%: 38.9% among women and 18.1% among men. The prevalence of obesity increased with age, being highest in the 60- to 69-year-old age group (40.8%) but lower again in the 70+ age group. Obesity was associated positively with marital status, parity, cessation of cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and household income and inversely with level of education, cigarette use, and physical activity. Also, obesity was associated positively with hypertension.

DISCUSSION

In the Trabzon Region, 60.3% of the adult population presents with some excess weight. Obesity is a major public health problem that requires generalized interventions to prevent it among the adult population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Internal Medicine, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey. cihangirerem@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15292476

Citation

Erem, Cihangir, et al. "Prevalence of Obesity and Associated Risk Factors in a Turkish Population (trabzon City, Turkey)." Obesity Research, vol. 12, no. 7, 2004, pp. 1117-27.
Erem C, Arslan C, Hacihasanoglu A, et al. Prevalence of obesity and associated risk factors in a Turkish population (trabzon city, Turkey). Obes Res. 2004;12(7):1117-27.
Erem, C., Arslan, C., Hacihasanoglu, A., Deger, O., Topbas, M., Ukinc, K., ... Telatar, M. (2004). Prevalence of obesity and associated risk factors in a Turkish population (trabzon city, Turkey). Obesity Research, 12(7), pp. 1117-27.
Erem C, et al. Prevalence of Obesity and Associated Risk Factors in a Turkish Population (trabzon City, Turkey). Obes Res. 2004;12(7):1117-27. PubMed PMID: 15292476.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of obesity and associated risk factors in a Turkish population (trabzon city, Turkey). AU - Erem,Cihangir, AU - Arslan,Cengiz, AU - Hacihasanoglu,Arif, AU - Deger,Orhan, AU - Topbas,Murat, AU - Ukinc,Kubilay, AU - Ersöz,Halil Onder, AU - Telatar,Münir, PY - 2004/8/5/pubmed PY - 2004/10/29/medline PY - 2004/8/5/entrez SP - 1117 EP - 27 JF - Obesity research JO - Obes. Res. VL - 12 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity (general and central) in the Trabzon Region and its associations with demographic factors (age, sex, marital status, reproductive history in women, and level of education), socioeconomic factors (household income and occupation), family history of selected medical conditions (diabetes, hypertension, and obesity), lifestyle factors (smoking habits, physical activity, and alcohol consumption), and hypertension in the adult population. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A sample of households was systematically selected from the central province of Trabzon and its five towns, namely, Sürmene, Vakfikebir, Maçka, Hayrat, and Tonya. A total of 5016 subjects (2728 women and 2288 men) were included in the study. Individuals more than 20 years old were selected from their family health cards. Demographic factors, socioeconomic factors, family history of selected medical conditions, and lifestyle factors were obtained for all participants. Systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure levels were measured for all subjects. Study procedures were carried out in the local health centers in each town over an 8-month period. Obesity was defined as BMI > or = 30 kg/m2 and overweight as BMI = 25.0 to 29.9 kg/m2. RESULTS: The prevalence of obesity was 23.5%: 29.4% in women and 16.5% in men. The combined prevalence of both overweight and obesity was 60.3%. The prevalence of abdominal obesity was 29.4%: 38.9% among women and 18.1% among men. The prevalence of obesity increased with age, being highest in the 60- to 69-year-old age group (40.8%) but lower again in the 70+ age group. Obesity was associated positively with marital status, parity, cessation of cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and household income and inversely with level of education, cigarette use, and physical activity. Also, obesity was associated positively with hypertension. DISCUSSION: In the Trabzon Region, 60.3% of the adult population presents with some excess weight. Obesity is a major public health problem that requires generalized interventions to prevent it among the adult population. SN - 1071-7323 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15292476/Prevalence_of_obesity_and_associated_risk_factors_in_a_Turkish_population__trabzon_city_Turkey__ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2004.140 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -