Tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) in women with low urethral closure pressure.Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2004 Sep 10; 116(1):67-70.EJ
Aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness and the complications associated with the use of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) in women with stress urinary incontinence and low urethral closure pressure (LUCP).
Thirty-seven patients with stress urinary incontinence and LUCP who were treated with the TVT procedure have been included in the study. Physical examination and urodynamic investigations were carried out to all women preoperatively and at 6, 12 and 26 months (average, range: 22-30 months), postoperatively. The mean age of the patients was 69 years (+/-13), while mean parity was 2.2 (range 0-3).
TVT procedure was carried out in all patients with epidural anesthesia. Postoperative evaluation showed 27 patients (73%) to have been completely cured, four (9.25%) to have a considerable improvement, whereas six patients (16.2%) were classified as failures. Only a few complications occurred.
Our study indicates that the TVT procedure is an effective and well-accepted minimal invasive surgery for treatment of urinary stress incontinence in women with LUCP. The cure rate of 73% could be considered satisfactory. Women with LUCP and 'fixed' urethra, are at significantly increased risk of failure of the procedure.