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Bioaccumulation of PAHs from creosote-contaminated sediment in a laboratory-exposed freshwater oligochaete, Lumbriculus variegatus.

Abstract

The oligochaete, Lumbriculus variegatus, was used for a bioaccumulation assay in the creosote-contaminated sediment of Lake Jämsänvesi in a 28-day experiment. The PAH concentrations of the whole body tissue of worms, sediments and water samples were determinated by GC-MS. Chemical analyses showed that benzo(k)fluoranthene, anthracene and fluorene were the main PAH compounds present in the tissue of oligochaetes, just as in the sediment. The biota-sediment accumulation factors (BSAFs) of the individual PAHs varied from 1.2 to 5.7. It is concluded that oligochaetes have a marked ability to accumulate and retain PAHs from creosote-contaminated sediment.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland. tarja.hyotylainen@poke.fi

    Source

    Chemosphere 57:2 2004 Oct pg 159-64

    MeSH

    Animals
    Biotransformation
    Creosote
    Environmental Exposure
    Finland
    Fresh Water
    Geologic Sediments
    Oligochaeta
    Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic
    Tissue Distribution
    Water Pollutants, Chemical

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15294439

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - Bioaccumulation of PAHs from creosote-contaminated sediment in a laboratory-exposed freshwater oligochaete, Lumbriculus variegatus. AU - Hyötyläinen,Tarja, AU - Oikari,Aimo, PY - 2004/8/6/pubmed PY - 2004/11/4/medline PY - 2002/Feb/27/received PY - 2003/Nov/3/revised PY - 2004/May/5/accepted PY - 2004/8/6/entrez SP - 159 EP - 64 JF - Chemosphere JO - Chemosphere VL - 57 IS - 2 N2 - The oligochaete, Lumbriculus variegatus, was used for a bioaccumulation assay in the creosote-contaminated sediment of Lake Jämsänvesi in a 28-day experiment. The PAH concentrations of the whole body tissue of worms, sediments and water samples were determinated by GC-MS. Chemical analyses showed that benzo(k)fluoranthene, anthracene and fluorene were the main PAH compounds present in the tissue of oligochaetes, just as in the sediment. The biota-sediment accumulation factors (BSAFs) of the individual PAHs varied from 1.2 to 5.7. It is concluded that oligochaetes have a marked ability to accumulate and retain PAHs from creosote-contaminated sediment. SN - 0045-6535 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15294439/Bioaccumulation_of_PAHs_from_creosote_contaminated_sediment_in_a_laboratory_exposed_freshwater_oligochaete_Lumbriculus_variegatus_ L2 - http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0045-6535(04)00316-9 ER -