[Determination of anti-transglutaminase antibodies in the diagnosis of coeliac disease in children: results of a five year prospective study].Ann Biol Clin (Paris). 2004 Jul-Aug; 62(4):431-6.AB
To evaluate the interest of IgA antibodies to tissue transglutaminase in the diagnosis of children coeliac disease compared with anti-endomysium and anti-gliadin antibodies.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS
Seventy children with coeliac disease (mean age: 5 years and 8 months) and 99 disease controls (mean age: 4 years and 5 months). IgA anti-transglutaminase were tested by ELISA using a human recombinant tissue transglutaminase. IgA anti-endomysium were detected by indirect immunofluorescence on monkey oesophagus.
The middle rate of IgA anti-transglutaminase was 101.06 units in patients and only 0.47 unit in controls. IgA anti-transglutaminase and IgA anti-endomysium were in agreement in 98.8% of cases; only two cases were discordant (+/- and -/+). Globally, the two markers had the same sensitivity (90%), specificity (98%), negative (93.2%) and positive (96.9%) predictive values. For anti-gliadin antibodies, the IgG were more sensitive (88.6%) and the IgA more specific (93.9%).
IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase can be used instead of IgA anti-endomysium as a serological marker of screening and diagnosis of coeliac disease in children after 3 years.