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Temporal construal effects on abstract and concrete thinking: consequences for insight and creative cognition.
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2004 Aug; 87(2):177-89.JP

Abstract

Six studies investigate whether and how distant future time perspective facilitates abstract thinking and impedes concrete thinking by altering the level at which mental representations are construed. In Experiments 1-3, participants who envisioned their lives and imagined themselves engaging in a task 1 year later as opposed to the next day subsequently performed better on a series of insight tasks. In Experiments 4 and 5 a distal perspective was found to improve creative generation of abstract solutions. Moreover, Experiment 5 demonstrated a similar effect with temporal distance manipulated indirectly, by making participants imagine their lives in general a year from now versus tomorrow prior to performance. In Experiment 6, distant time perspective undermined rather than enhanced analytical problem solving.

Authors+Show Affiliations

International University Bremen, Bremen, Germany. j.foerster@iu-bremen.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15301626

Citation

Förster, Jens, et al. "Temporal Construal Effects On Abstract and Concrete Thinking: Consequences for Insight and Creative Cognition." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 87, no. 2, 2004, pp. 177-89.
Förster J, Friedman RS, Liberman N. Temporal construal effects on abstract and concrete thinking: consequences for insight and creative cognition. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2004;87(2):177-89.
Förster, J., Friedman, R. S., & Liberman, N. (2004). Temporal construal effects on abstract and concrete thinking: consequences for insight and creative cognition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87(2), 177-89.
Förster J, Friedman RS, Liberman N. Temporal Construal Effects On Abstract and Concrete Thinking: Consequences for Insight and Creative Cognition. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2004;87(2):177-89. PubMed PMID: 15301626.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Temporal construal effects on abstract and concrete thinking: consequences for insight and creative cognition. AU - Förster,Jens, AU - Friedman,Ronald S, AU - Liberman,Nira, PY - 2004/8/11/pubmed PY - 2004/10/29/medline PY - 2004/8/11/entrez SP - 177 EP - 89 JF - Journal of personality and social psychology JO - J Pers Soc Psychol VL - 87 IS - 2 N2 - Six studies investigate whether and how distant future time perspective facilitates abstract thinking and impedes concrete thinking by altering the level at which mental representations are construed. In Experiments 1-3, participants who envisioned their lives and imagined themselves engaging in a task 1 year later as opposed to the next day subsequently performed better on a series of insight tasks. In Experiments 4 and 5 a distal perspective was found to improve creative generation of abstract solutions. Moreover, Experiment 5 demonstrated a similar effect with temporal distance manipulated indirectly, by making participants imagine their lives in general a year from now versus tomorrow prior to performance. In Experiment 6, distant time perspective undermined rather than enhanced analytical problem solving. SN - 0022-3514 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15301626/Temporal_construal_effects_on_abstract_and_concrete_thinking:_consequences_for_insight_and_creative_cognition_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/psp/87/2/177 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -