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Dietary patterns and blood fatty acid composition in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in Taiwan.
J Nutr Biochem. 2004 Aug; 15(8):467-72.JN

Abstract

Nutritional factors may be relative to attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD), although the pathogenic mechanism is still unknown. Based on the work of others, we hypothesized that children with ADHD have altered dietary patterns and fatty acid metabolism. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate dietary patterns and the blood fatty acid composition in children with ADHD in the Taipei area of Taiwan. The present study found that 58 subjects with ADHD (average age 8.5 years) had significantly higher intakes of iron and vitamin C compared to those of 52 control subjects (average age 7.9 years) (P < 0.05). The blood total protein content in subjects with ADHD was significantly lower than that in control subjects (P < 0.05). On the other hand, children with ADHD had significantly higher blood iron levels compared to the control children (P < 0.05). Additionally, plasma gamma-linolenic acid (18:3 n-6) in children with ADHD was higher than that in control children (P < 0.05). Concerning the composition of other fatty acids in the phospholipid isolated from red blood cell (RBC) membranes, oleic acid (18:1n-9) was significantly higher, whereas nervonic acid (24:1n-9), linoleic acid (18:2n-6), arachidonic acid (20:4n-6), and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) were significantly lower in subjects with ADHD (P < 0.05). Our results suggest that there were no differences in dietary patterns of these children with ADHD except for the intake of iron and vitamin C; however, the fatty acid composition of phospholipid from RBC membranes in the ADHD children differed from that of the normal children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15302081

Citation

Chen, Jiun-Rong, et al. "Dietary Patterns and Blood Fatty Acid Composition in Children With Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Taiwan." The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, vol. 15, no. 8, 2004, pp. 467-72.
Chen JR, Hsu SF, Hsu CD, et al. Dietary patterns and blood fatty acid composition in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in Taiwan. J Nutr Biochem. 2004;15(8):467-72.
Chen, J. R., Hsu, S. F., Hsu, C. D., Hwang, L. H., & Yang, S. C. (2004). Dietary patterns and blood fatty acid composition in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in Taiwan. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 15(8), 467-72.
Chen JR, et al. Dietary Patterns and Blood Fatty Acid Composition in Children With Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Taiwan. J Nutr Biochem. 2004;15(8):467-72. PubMed PMID: 15302081.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary patterns and blood fatty acid composition in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in Taiwan. AU - Chen,Jiun-Rong, AU - Hsu,Shiou-Fung, AU - Hsu,Cheng-Dien, AU - Hwang,Lih-Hsueh, AU - Yang,Suh-Ching, PY - 2003/05/15/received PY - 2003/12/17/revised PY - 2004/01/06/accepted PY - 2004/8/11/pubmed PY - 2004/12/16/medline PY - 2004/8/11/entrez SP - 467 EP - 72 JF - The Journal of nutritional biochemistry JO - J Nutr Biochem VL - 15 IS - 8 N2 - Nutritional factors may be relative to attention-deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD), although the pathogenic mechanism is still unknown. Based on the work of others, we hypothesized that children with ADHD have altered dietary patterns and fatty acid metabolism. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate dietary patterns and the blood fatty acid composition in children with ADHD in the Taipei area of Taiwan. The present study found that 58 subjects with ADHD (average age 8.5 years) had significantly higher intakes of iron and vitamin C compared to those of 52 control subjects (average age 7.9 years) (P < 0.05). The blood total protein content in subjects with ADHD was significantly lower than that in control subjects (P < 0.05). On the other hand, children with ADHD had significantly higher blood iron levels compared to the control children (P < 0.05). Additionally, plasma gamma-linolenic acid (18:3 n-6) in children with ADHD was higher than that in control children (P < 0.05). Concerning the composition of other fatty acids in the phospholipid isolated from red blood cell (RBC) membranes, oleic acid (18:1n-9) was significantly higher, whereas nervonic acid (24:1n-9), linoleic acid (18:2n-6), arachidonic acid (20:4n-6), and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) were significantly lower in subjects with ADHD (P < 0.05). Our results suggest that there were no differences in dietary patterns of these children with ADHD except for the intake of iron and vitamin C; however, the fatty acid composition of phospholipid from RBC membranes in the ADHD children differed from that of the normal children. SN - 0955-2863 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15302081/Dietary_patterns_and_blood_fatty_acid_composition_in_children_with_attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder_in_Taiwan_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0955286304000531 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -