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The global epidemiology, syndromic classification, management, and prevention of spider bites.
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2004 Aug; 71(2):239-50.AJ

Abstract

Spiders are carnivorous arthropods that coexist with humans and ambush or ensnare prey. Unlike other arthropods, spiders rarely transmit communicable diseases, and play a critical role in the ecosystem by consuming other arthropods that frequently transmit human diseases, such as mosquitoes and flies. There are more than 30,000 species of spiders, most of which are venomous, but they cannot inflict serious bites due to delicate mouthparts and short fangs. The differential diagnosis of spider bites is extensive and includes other arthropod bites, skin infections, and exposure to chemical or physical agents. However, approximately 200 species from 20 genera of spiders worldwide can cause severe human envenomings, with dermonecrosis, systemic toxicity, and death. Spider bites can usually be prevented by simple personal and domestic measures. Early species identification and specific management may help prevent serious sequelae of spider bites.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, USA. jdiaz@lsuhsc.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15306718

Citation

Diaz, James H.. "The Global Epidemiology, Syndromic Classification, Management, and Prevention of Spider Bites." The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 71, no. 2, 2004, pp. 239-50.
Diaz JH. The global epidemiology, syndromic classification, management, and prevention of spider bites. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2004;71(2):239-50.
Diaz, J. H. (2004). The global epidemiology, syndromic classification, management, and prevention of spider bites. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71(2), 239-50.
Diaz JH. The Global Epidemiology, Syndromic Classification, Management, and Prevention of Spider Bites. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2004;71(2):239-50. PubMed PMID: 15306718.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The global epidemiology, syndromic classification, management, and prevention of spider bites. A1 - Diaz,James H, PY - 2004/8/13/pubmed PY - 2004/9/21/medline PY - 2004/8/13/entrez SP - 239 EP - 50 JF - The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene JO - Am J Trop Med Hyg VL - 71 IS - 2 N2 - Spiders are carnivorous arthropods that coexist with humans and ambush or ensnare prey. Unlike other arthropods, spiders rarely transmit communicable diseases, and play a critical role in the ecosystem by consuming other arthropods that frequently transmit human diseases, such as mosquitoes and flies. There are more than 30,000 species of spiders, most of which are venomous, but they cannot inflict serious bites due to delicate mouthparts and short fangs. The differential diagnosis of spider bites is extensive and includes other arthropod bites, skin infections, and exposure to chemical or physical agents. However, approximately 200 species from 20 genera of spiders worldwide can cause severe human envenomings, with dermonecrosis, systemic toxicity, and death. Spider bites can usually be prevented by simple personal and domestic measures. Early species identification and specific management may help prevent serious sequelae of spider bites. SN - 0002-9637 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15306718/full_citation L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/spiderbites.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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