MCP-1 in Alzheimer's disease patients: A-2518G polymorphism and serum levels.Neurobiol Aging 2004; 25(9):1169-73NA
MCP-1 levels are increased in CSF of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared with controls, suggesting a role in the development of dementia. Recently, a biallelic A/G polymorphism in the MCP-1 promoter at position -2518 has been found, influencing the level of MCP-1 expression in response to an inflammatory stimulus. The distribution of the A-2518G SNP was determined in 269 AD patients and in 203 healthy age matched controls, showing no differences between the two groups. On the contrary, a significant increase of MCP-1 serum levels in AD patients carrying at least one G mutated allele was observed. Moreover, the highest peaks of MCP-1 serum levels were present in patients carrying two G alleles. Stratifying by ApoE genotype, gender or age at onset, no differences in both allele frequency and MCP-1 serum concentration were observed. The A-2518G polymorphism in MCP-1 gene does not seem to be a risk factor for the development of AD, but its presence correlates with higher levels of serum MCP-1, which can contribute to increase the inflammatory process occurring in AD.