Comparative analysis of in vitro contracture tests with ryanodine and a combination of ryanodine with either halothane or caffeine: a comparative investigation in malignant hyperthermia.Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2004 Sep; 48(8):1019-27.AA
The diagnosis of susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia (MH) is currently performed on muscle biopsies subjected to halothane-caffeine in vitro contracture tests (IVCTs). There is a consensus on our need to improve the diagnostic potential of IVCTs if we are to maximize the information available for research and diagnosis in MH. This study was designed as a pilot comparative study and we aimed at comparing the ryanodine test and new tests using a combination of ryanodine, halothane and caffeine.
One hundred and thirty-two subjects (52 MHS and 80 MHN) were included in this study and new IVCTs were performed in additional muscle biopsy specimens. The contracture time-course was compared considering the onset time of contracture (OT) and the time to reach a 10 mN contracture (10T). Cut-off values were determined using ROC analyses.
For the ryanodine test, sensitivity and specificity calculated for OT were 84.6% and 90.4%, respectively, and were better than those obtained using 10T. Combined tests using either caffeine and ryanodine or halothane and ryanodine did provide higher sensitivities (from 85.3 to 93.9%). A better specificity was only observed for the IVC tests combining halothane (cumulated) and caffeine both with ryanodine (93.9% for both). The largest sensitivity was observed when halothane was used as a bolus and combined with ryanodine. The specificity was always larger with the combined tests as compared to the test using ryanodine alone (from 79.1 to 90.9%). This superiority was confirmed, at least in part, when comparing genetic investigations and the results of new tests in a subgroup of subjects.
This pilot study showed a clear diagnostic potential for new IVC tests combining halothane, the triggering agent of MH, and ryanodine acting at the calcium release channel, and should be considered as a first step in the investigation of combined tests.