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Nutritional status of older Tibetans in rural Sichuan China.
J Nutr Health Aging. 2004; 8(4):220-4.JN

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the nutritional status of older Tibetans in rural China.

DESIGN

Cross sectional study.

SETTING

Remote mountainous region of Sichuan province of Western China.

SUBJECTS AND METHOD

Forty four male and forty six female Tibetans, over 60 years old were recruited. Body weight, standing height, triceps and bicep skinfold thicknesses (TSF, BSF), mid arm circumference (MAC) and waist circumference (WC) were measured. Dietary intakes were assessed by a twenty-four hour dietary recall. Based on skinfold thicknesses and MAC, total body fat and corrected arm muscle area (CAMA) were calculated by published equations. Their nutritional status and dietary intakes were compared with those of normal older people in Hong Kong and a rural area near Tianjin in the east coast of China.

RESULTS

Compared with Hong Kong older women, the Tibetan older women had similar BMI and total body fat, but their CAMA was significantly greater (p<0.01). The Tibetan older men had lower BMI, total body fat (p<0.05), and higher CAMA than the Hong Kong older men (p<0.05). The average calorie intake in the Tibetans was lower than that of older people in Hong Kong and rural Tianjin. Intakes of protein, vitamins and minerals were the lowest in Tibetans and the highest in older people in Hong Kong.

CONCLUSIONS

Older Tibetans had more lean mass than Hong Kong older Chinese despite having lower caloric and protein intakes. Older Tibetan women were fatter than their male counterparts, and they were as fat as the older people in Hong Kong, despite having low caloric intakes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15316585

Citation

Yeung, F, et al. "Nutritional Status of Older Tibetans in Rural Sichuan China." The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, vol. 8, no. 4, 2004, pp. 220-4.
Yeung F, Kwok T, Helmer C, et al. Nutritional status of older Tibetans in rural Sichuan China. J Nutr Health Aging. 2004;8(4):220-4.
Yeung, F., Kwok, T., Helmer, C., Woo, J., Kwan, M., & Yuan, H. J. (2004). Nutritional status of older Tibetans in rural Sichuan China. The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 8(4), 220-4.
Yeung F, et al. Nutritional Status of Older Tibetans in Rural Sichuan China. J Nutr Health Aging. 2004;8(4):220-4. PubMed PMID: 15316585.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional status of older Tibetans in rural Sichuan China. AU - Yeung,F, AU - Kwok,T, AU - Helmer,C, AU - Woo,J, AU - Kwan,M, AU - Yuan,H J, PY - 2004/8/19/pubmed PY - 2005/6/24/medline PY - 2004/8/19/entrez SP - 220 EP - 4 JF - The journal of nutrition, health & aging JO - J Nutr Health Aging VL - 8 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the nutritional status of older Tibetans in rural China. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: Remote mountainous region of Sichuan province of Western China. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Forty four male and forty six female Tibetans, over 60 years old were recruited. Body weight, standing height, triceps and bicep skinfold thicknesses (TSF, BSF), mid arm circumference (MAC) and waist circumference (WC) were measured. Dietary intakes were assessed by a twenty-four hour dietary recall. Based on skinfold thicknesses and MAC, total body fat and corrected arm muscle area (CAMA) were calculated by published equations. Their nutritional status and dietary intakes were compared with those of normal older people in Hong Kong and a rural area near Tianjin in the east coast of China. RESULTS: Compared with Hong Kong older women, the Tibetan older women had similar BMI and total body fat, but their CAMA was significantly greater (p<0.01). The Tibetan older men had lower BMI, total body fat (p<0.05), and higher CAMA than the Hong Kong older men (p<0.05). The average calorie intake in the Tibetans was lower than that of older people in Hong Kong and rural Tianjin. Intakes of protein, vitamins and minerals were the lowest in Tibetans and the highest in older people in Hong Kong. CONCLUSIONS: Older Tibetans had more lean mass than Hong Kong older Chinese despite having lower caloric and protein intakes. Older Tibetan women were fatter than their male counterparts, and they were as fat as the older people in Hong Kong, despite having low caloric intakes. SN - 1279-7707 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15316585/Nutritional_status_of_older_Tibetans_in_rural_Sichuan_China_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/dietaryproteins.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -