[Target-controlled infusion of propofol for intraoperative sedation: determination of effect-site concentration and assessment of bispectral index].Ann Fr Anesth Reanim. 2004 Jul; 23(7):675-80.AF
To determine the effect-site concentration (Ce) of propofol, required to achieving adequate sedation. To assess the efficacy and safety of a target-controlled infusion system during monitored anaesthesia care and to evaluate the ability of bispectral index (BIS) to predict sedation level. Study design. - Prospective clinical study.
Women scheduled for insertion of tension-free vaginal tape under local anaesthetic infiltration.
After premedication with hydroxyzine, 1% propofol was infused using the Diprifusor system at an initial target plasma concentration (Cc) of 1 microg/ml and then adjusted by steps of 0.2 microg/ml at 5 min intervals. The level of sedation was assessed using the observer's assessment of alertness/sedation (OAA/S) scale; the objective was to obtain an OAA/S level at 4 or 3 (response to verbal stimulation). Ce of propofol and BIS were noted every 5 min. Relation between Ce or BIS and OAA/S scale was analysed by linear regression and probability of prediction (P(K)).
Fifty patients aged 62 +/- 12 years were studied. Sedation at level 4 or 3 was observed in all patients. Ce of propofol and BIS to maintain this OAA/S score were, respectively, 1.0 +/- 0.2 microg/ml and 87 +/- 7. There was a linear relation between OAA/S scale and BIS or Ce; however, individual values demonstrate wide variability. The average of P(K) values computed for each patient for the BIS and Ce was 0.84 and 0.83, respectively.
Target-controlled infusion of propofol provides easy and safe management of intraoperative sedation, allowing a fast and precise adjustment of the propofol concentration to the clinical response of the patient.