Selective uptake of high density lipoproteins cholesteryl ester in the dog, a species lacking in cholesteryl ester transfer protein activity; An in vivo approach using stable isotopes.Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2004 Aug; 138(4):339-45.CB
Amongst the processes involved in the reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) from organs to liver, including high density lipoproteins-apolipoprotein AI (HDL-apoAI) dependent tissue uptake and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP)-mediated transfers, the selective uptake of cholesteryl ester (CE) is of increasing interest through its antiatherogenic role. The purpose of this report is to develop a simple protocol allowing study of this process in an animal model with easier quantification of CE selective uptake. The dog was chosen essentially because this animal has a low CETP activity and an appropriate size to conduce a kinetic study. Tracer kinetics were performed to estimate in vivo the contributions of the pathways involved in HDL-CE turnover in dogs. Stable isotopes, 13C-acetate and D3-leucine as labeled precursors of CE and apoAI, were infused to fasting dogs. Isotopic enrichments were monitored in plasma unesterified cholesterol and in HDL-CE and apoAI by mass spectrometry. Kinetics were analyzed using compartmental modeling. Results concerned the measurement of the activity of cholesterol esterification (0.13+/-0.032 h(-1)), rate of HDL-apoAI catabolism (0.024+/-0.012 h(-1)), HDL-CE turnover (0.062+/-0.010 h(-1)) and CE selective uptake (0.038+/-0.014 h(-1)). Our results show that CE in dogs is mainly eliminated by selective uptake of HDL-CE (60% of HDL-CE turnover), unlike in other species studied by similar methods in our laboratory. This study shows that among species used to analyze cholesterol metabolism, the dog appears to be the animal in whom HDL-CE selective uptake represents the largest part of HDL-CE turnover.