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Parental overweight, socioeconomic status and high birth weight are the major determinants of overweight and obesity in 5-7 y-old children: baseline data of the Kiel Obesity Prevention Study (KOPS).
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2004; 28(11):1494-502IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To identify the major risk factors of overweight and obesity in prepubertal children.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study.

SETTING

In all, 32 primary schools in Kiel (248 000 inhabitants), northwest Germany.

SUBJECTS

A total of 2631 5-7-y-old German children and their parents.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Weight status, socio-economic status (SES), parental overweight, dietary intake, activity, inactivity and further determinants (birth weight, breast feeding, nutritional status of siblings) of the children.

RESULTS

The prevalence of overweight (>/=90th BMI percentile of reference) was 9.2% in boys and 11.2% in girls, respectively. Considered univariately, family-, environment- and development-related determinants showed some relations to overweight and obesity. In multivariate analyses parental overweight, a low SES as well as a high birth weight were the strongest independent risk factors of overweight and obesity in children. Additionally, there were sex-specific risk factors: parental smoking and single households were risk factors in boys, whereas a low activity was associated with obesity in girls. Birth weight was associated with obesity, but not with overweight. The prevalence of obesity reached 29.2% in boys and 33.4% in girls with all the three main risk factors.

CONCLUSIONS

Overweight families of low SES have the highest risk of overweight and obese children. Future prevention programmes must also take into account sex-specific risk factors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institut für Humanernährung und Lebensmittelkunde, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Kiel, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15326465

Citation

Danielzik, S, et al. "Parental Overweight, Socioeconomic Status and High Birth Weight Are the Major Determinants of Overweight and Obesity in 5-7 Y-old Children: Baseline Data of the Kiel Obesity Prevention Study (KOPS)." International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 28, no. 11, 2004, pp. 1494-502.
Danielzik S, Czerwinski-Mast M, Langnäse K, et al. Parental overweight, socioeconomic status and high birth weight are the major determinants of overweight and obesity in 5-7 y-old children: baseline data of the Kiel Obesity Prevention Study (KOPS). Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2004;28(11):1494-502.
Danielzik, S., Czerwinski-Mast, M., Langnäse, K., Dilba, B., & Müller, M. J. (2004). Parental overweight, socioeconomic status and high birth weight are the major determinants of overweight and obesity in 5-7 y-old children: baseline data of the Kiel Obesity Prevention Study (KOPS). International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 28(11), pp. 1494-502.
Danielzik S, et al. Parental Overweight, Socioeconomic Status and High Birth Weight Are the Major Determinants of Overweight and Obesity in 5-7 Y-old Children: Baseline Data of the Kiel Obesity Prevention Study (KOPS). Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2004;28(11):1494-502. PubMed PMID: 15326465.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Parental overweight, socioeconomic status and high birth weight are the major determinants of overweight and obesity in 5-7 y-old children: baseline data of the Kiel Obesity Prevention Study (KOPS). AU - Danielzik,S, AU - Czerwinski-Mast,M, AU - Langnäse,K, AU - Dilba,B, AU - Müller,M J, PY - 2004/8/25/pubmed PY - 2004/12/29/medline PY - 2004/8/25/entrez SP - 1494 EP - 502 JF - International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders : journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity JO - Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. VL - 28 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To identify the major risk factors of overweight and obesity in prepubertal children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: In all, 32 primary schools in Kiel (248 000 inhabitants), northwest Germany. SUBJECTS: A total of 2631 5-7-y-old German children and their parents. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Weight status, socio-economic status (SES), parental overweight, dietary intake, activity, inactivity and further determinants (birth weight, breast feeding, nutritional status of siblings) of the children. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight (>/=90th BMI percentile of reference) was 9.2% in boys and 11.2% in girls, respectively. Considered univariately, family-, environment- and development-related determinants showed some relations to overweight and obesity. In multivariate analyses parental overweight, a low SES as well as a high birth weight were the strongest independent risk factors of overweight and obesity in children. Additionally, there were sex-specific risk factors: parental smoking and single households were risk factors in boys, whereas a low activity was associated with obesity in girls. Birth weight was associated with obesity, but not with overweight. The prevalence of obesity reached 29.2% in boys and 33.4% in girls with all the three main risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: Overweight families of low SES have the highest risk of overweight and obese children. Future prevention programmes must also take into account sex-specific risk factors. UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15326465/Parental_overweight_socioeconomic_status_and_high_birth_weight_are_the_major_determinants_of_overweight_and_obesity_in_5_7_y_old_children:_baseline_data_of_the_Kiel_Obesity_Prevention_Study__KOPS__ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=15326465.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -