Cu-catalyzed asymmetric allylic alkylations of aromatic and aliphatic phosphates with alkylzinc reagents. An effective method for enantioselective synthesis of tertiary and quaternary carbons.J Am Chem Soc. 2004 Sep 01; 126(34):10676-81.JA
Efficient enantioselective Cu-catalyzed allylic alkylations of aromatic and aliphatic allylic phosphates bearing di- and trisubstituted olefins are disclosed. Enantioselective C-C bond forming reactions are promoted in the presence of 10 mol % readily available chiral amino acid-based ligand (5 steps, 40% overall yield synthesis) and 5 mol % (CuOTf)2 x C6H6. Reactions deliver tertiary and quaternary stereogenic carbon centers regioselectively and in 78-96% ee. Data regarding the effect of variations in ligand structure on the efficiency and enantioselectivity of the alkylation process, as well as a mechanistic working model, are presented. The suggested model involves a dual role for the chiral Cu complex: association of the Cu(I) center to the olefin is facilitated by a two-point binding between the carbonyl of the ligand's amide terminus and the P=O of the substrate.