[The ion targets of arrhythmias induced by ouabain and aconitine in guinea pig and rat ventricular myocytes].Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2004 May; 39(5):328-32.YX
To observe the effects of ouabain and aconitine on APD and ion channels in isolated guinea pig and rat ventricular myocytes; to elucidate the action mechanisms of these two drugs and set up new arrhythmic models on cellular level.
In isolated ventricular myocytes of guinea pig and rat, the effects of ouabain and aconitine on APD, ICa-L, Ik, Ito and Ik1 were observed using the whole cell patch clamp technique.
Ouabain (5 micromol x L(-1)) obviously prolonged the APD90, increased ICa-L, decreased Ik and Ik1 in guinea pig ventricular myocytes. Aconitine (1 micromol x L(-1)) lengthened the APD90, increased ICa-L, decreased Ito and increased Ik1 in rat ventricular myocytes.
The targets on ouabain- and aconitine-induced arrhythmias included APD, ICa-L, Ik, Ito, and Ik1. APD, ICaL, Ik and Ito must be the powerful ones, both in arrhythmic and antiarrhythmic courses. The ouabain- and aconitine- induced arrhythmic models on cellular level were built to study the antiarrhythmic mechanisms of chemicals and evaluate new drugs. These two new-type models in vitro were stable, liable, repeatable and economic, which were superior to those typical models in vivo.