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Sleep disorders in Taiwanese children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
J Sleep Res. 2004 Sep; 13(3):269-77.JS

Abstract

To assess obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD) in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared with a control group. The ADHD was diagnosed based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, version IV (DSM-IV) criteria on successively seen elementary school children aged 6-12 years referred to a psychiatric clinic for suspected ADHD. A standardized interview (Kiddie-SADS-E), parents and teacher questionnaires, neuropsychological testing, and nocturnal polysomnography were completed for each child. Eighty-eight children (77 boys) with ADHD and 27 controls were involved in the study. Fifty children with ADHD (56.8%) had an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) >1 event h(-1) and 17 (19.3%) had an AHI >5 event h(-1). Nine children (10.2%) had a periodic limb movement index (PLMI) >5 events h(-1). There is one child with AHI >1 and none with a PLMI > 5 in the control group. In the test of variables of attention (TOVA), the response time was significantly worse in ADHD with sleep disorders than those without them. The child behavior checklist (CBCL) showed a significant difference between groups in the hyperactivity subscale. The diagnostic criteria for ADHD based on DSM-IV do not differentiate between children with or without sleep disorders. Evaluation of sleep disorders should be considered before starting drug treatment for ADHD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Child Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Tao-yuan, Taiwan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15339263

Citation

Huang, Yu-Shu, et al. "Sleep Disorders in Taiwanese Children With Attention Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder." Journal of Sleep Research, vol. 13, no. 3, 2004, pp. 269-77.
Huang YS, Chen NH, Li HY, et al. Sleep disorders in Taiwanese children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J Sleep Res. 2004;13(3):269-77.
Huang, Y. S., Chen, N. H., Li, H. Y., Wu, Y. Y., Chao, C. C., & Guilleminault, C. (2004). Sleep disorders in Taiwanese children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Sleep Research, 13(3), 269-77.
Huang YS, et al. Sleep Disorders in Taiwanese Children With Attention Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder. J Sleep Res. 2004;13(3):269-77. PubMed PMID: 15339263.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sleep disorders in Taiwanese children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. AU - Huang,Yu-Shu, AU - Chen,Ning-Hung, AU - Li,Hsueh-Yu, AU - Wu,Yu-Yu, AU - Chao,Chia-Chen, AU - Guilleminault,Christian, PY - 2004/9/2/pubmed PY - 2005/1/12/medline PY - 2004/9/2/entrez SP - 269 EP - 77 JF - Journal of sleep research JO - J Sleep Res VL - 13 IS - 3 N2 - To assess obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD) in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared with a control group. The ADHD was diagnosed based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, version IV (DSM-IV) criteria on successively seen elementary school children aged 6-12 years referred to a psychiatric clinic for suspected ADHD. A standardized interview (Kiddie-SADS-E), parents and teacher questionnaires, neuropsychological testing, and nocturnal polysomnography were completed for each child. Eighty-eight children (77 boys) with ADHD and 27 controls were involved in the study. Fifty children with ADHD (56.8%) had an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) >1 event h(-1) and 17 (19.3%) had an AHI >5 event h(-1). Nine children (10.2%) had a periodic limb movement index (PLMI) >5 events h(-1). There is one child with AHI >1 and none with a PLMI > 5 in the control group. In the test of variables of attention (TOVA), the response time was significantly worse in ADHD with sleep disorders than those without them. The child behavior checklist (CBCL) showed a significant difference between groups in the hyperactivity subscale. The diagnostic criteria for ADHD based on DSM-IV do not differentiate between children with or without sleep disorders. Evaluation of sleep disorders should be considered before starting drug treatment for ADHD. SN - 0962-1105 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15339263/Sleep_disorders_in_Taiwanese_children_with_attention_deficit/hyperactivity_disorder_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0962-1105&date=2004&volume=13&issue=3&spage=269 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -