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Enhancement of the efficacy of chemotherapy for lung cancer by simultaneous suppression of multidrug resistance and antiapoptotic cellular defense: novel multicomponent delivery system.
Cancer Res. 2004 Sep 01; 64(17):6214-24.CR

Abstract

The efficacy of chemotherapy of lung cancer is limited by the development of resistance in cancer cells during treatment. In most lung cancers, this resistance is associated with the overexpression of (a) multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) responsible for drug efflux from the cancer cells (pump resistance) and (b) BCL2 protein that activates antiapoptotic cellular defense (nonpump resistance). A novel liposomal proapoptotic anticancer drug delivery system was developed to enhance anticancer efficacy of the well-established drug doxorubicin (DOX). This multicomponent drug delivery system was tested on multidrug-sensitive and -resistant human small-cell lung cancer cells. The drug delivery system includes four components: (a) liposome as a carrier, (b) DOX as an inductor of apoptosis, (c) antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) targeted to MRP1 mRNA as a suppressor of pump resistance, and (d) ASOs targeted to BCL2 mRNA as a suppressor of nonpump resistance. Intracellular internalization of ASOs and DOX; the influence of the proposed system on the expression of genes and proteins involved in the multidrug resistance, cytotoxicity, and apoptosis induction and antiapoptotic defense; and the activity of caspases were studied. It was found that the proposed liposomal delivery system successfully delivered ASOs and DOX to cell nuclei, inhibited MRP1 and BCL2 protein synthesis, and substantially increased the anticancer action of DOX by stimulating the caspase-dependent pathway of apoptosis in multidrug-resistant human lung cancer cells.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmaceutics, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854-8020, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15342407

Citation

Pakunlu, Refika I., et al. "Enhancement of the Efficacy of Chemotherapy for Lung Cancer By Simultaneous Suppression of Multidrug Resistance and Antiapoptotic Cellular Defense: Novel Multicomponent Delivery System." Cancer Research, vol. 64, no. 17, 2004, pp. 6214-24.
Pakunlu RI, Wang Y, Tsao W, et al. Enhancement of the efficacy of chemotherapy for lung cancer by simultaneous suppression of multidrug resistance and antiapoptotic cellular defense: novel multicomponent delivery system. Cancer Res. 2004;64(17):6214-24.
Pakunlu, R. I., Wang, Y., Tsao, W., Pozharov, V., Cook, T. J., & Minko, T. (2004). Enhancement of the efficacy of chemotherapy for lung cancer by simultaneous suppression of multidrug resistance and antiapoptotic cellular defense: novel multicomponent delivery system. Cancer Research, 64(17), 6214-24.
Pakunlu RI, et al. Enhancement of the Efficacy of Chemotherapy for Lung Cancer By Simultaneous Suppression of Multidrug Resistance and Antiapoptotic Cellular Defense: Novel Multicomponent Delivery System. Cancer Res. 2004 Sep 1;64(17):6214-24. PubMed PMID: 15342407.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Enhancement of the efficacy of chemotherapy for lung cancer by simultaneous suppression of multidrug resistance and antiapoptotic cellular defense: novel multicomponent delivery system. AU - Pakunlu,Refika I, AU - Wang,Yang, AU - Tsao,William, AU - Pozharov,Vitaly, AU - Cook,Thomas J, AU - Minko,Tamara, PY - 2004/9/3/pubmed PY - 2004/10/6/medline PY - 2004/9/3/entrez SP - 6214 EP - 24 JF - Cancer research JO - Cancer Res VL - 64 IS - 17 N2 - The efficacy of chemotherapy of lung cancer is limited by the development of resistance in cancer cells during treatment. In most lung cancers, this resistance is associated with the overexpression of (a) multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) responsible for drug efflux from the cancer cells (pump resistance) and (b) BCL2 protein that activates antiapoptotic cellular defense (nonpump resistance). A novel liposomal proapoptotic anticancer drug delivery system was developed to enhance anticancer efficacy of the well-established drug doxorubicin (DOX). This multicomponent drug delivery system was tested on multidrug-sensitive and -resistant human small-cell lung cancer cells. The drug delivery system includes four components: (a) liposome as a carrier, (b) DOX as an inductor of apoptosis, (c) antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) targeted to MRP1 mRNA as a suppressor of pump resistance, and (d) ASOs targeted to BCL2 mRNA as a suppressor of nonpump resistance. Intracellular internalization of ASOs and DOX; the influence of the proposed system on the expression of genes and proteins involved in the multidrug resistance, cytotoxicity, and apoptosis induction and antiapoptotic defense; and the activity of caspases were studied. It was found that the proposed liposomal delivery system successfully delivered ASOs and DOX to cell nuclei, inhibited MRP1 and BCL2 protein synthesis, and substantially increased the anticancer action of DOX by stimulating the caspase-dependent pathway of apoptosis in multidrug-resistant human lung cancer cells. SN - 0008-5472 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15342407/Enhancement_of_the_efficacy_of_chemotherapy_for_lung_cancer_by_simultaneous_suppression_of_multidrug_resistance_and_antiapoptotic_cellular_defense:_novel_multicomponent_delivery_system_ L2 - http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=15342407 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -