Effect of cilazapril on regional left ventricular wall thickness and chamber dimension following acute myocardial infarction: in vivo assessment using MRI.Am Heart J. 1992 Jun; 123(6):1472-80.AH
The primary goal of the current study was to assess in situ, using magnetic resonance imaging, the effect of a new angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, cilazapril, in reducing left ventricular remodeling after acute myocardial infarction. Three groups of animals were investigated: (1) sham-operated rats (n = 19); (2) infarcted rats receiving no treatment (n = 23); and (3) infarcted rats receiving cilazapril (100 mg/L drinking water, n = 20). Treatment with cilazapril began on the third day postocclusion and continued for 3 to 4 months. Myocardial infarction was produced by ligation of the left coronary artery, and electrocardiographic (ECG)-gated short-axis images were acquired 3 to 4 months later. Sham-operated animals were subjected to the same procedure but the left coronary artery was not ligated. From the image acquired in the middle of the left ventricle (equatorial slice), left ventricular wall thicknesses, chamber diameters, and surface area measurements of the cavities were determined. At autopsy examination, infarct size and tissue water content were determined. The results demonstrate that magnetic resonance imaging has the potential to assess in situ the alterations of left ventricular dimensions and mass after acute myocardial infarction and can be used to document the influence of therapeutic interventions. Cilazapril provided protection against the deleterious remodeling changes such as ventricular dilation and wall thinning consequent to acute myocardial infarction.