Inhibitory effects of cystatins on proteolytic activities of the Plum pox potyvirus cysteine proteinases.Virus Res. 2004 Oct; 105(2):175-82.VR
In an effort to develop new antiviral strategies effective against potyviruses, several cystatins were evaluated for their ability to inhibit the cysteine proteinases of Plum pox potyvirus (PPV) using in vitro proteolytic assays. The following cystatins were purified as GST fusion proteins and shown to be active against papain:oryzacystatins I and II (OCI and OCII), corn cystatin II (CCII), human stefin A (HSA), the domain 8 of tomato multicystatin (TMC-8) and a large 24kDa tomato cystatin (LTCyst). These cystatins did not inhibit the activity of purified recombinant PPV NIa proteinase, a serine-like cysteine proteinases related to the 3C proteinases of picornaviruses and to chymotrypsin. The cystatins were shown to inhibit slightly the activity of the PPV HC-Pro proteinase with CCII being the best inhibitor. However a large excess of the cystatins was required to observe any inhibition. Based on these results and on the documented pleiotropic effects of cystatins on the metabolism of plants, we conclude that they are not the best candidates for antiviral strategies targeted to viral cysteine proteinases. The availability of soluble active recombinant PPV NIa proteinase will be instrumental for the selection of other proteinase inhibitors with increased affinity and specificity for this proteinase.