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Risks of anemia in infants according to dietary iron density and weight gain rate.
Prev Med 2004; 39(4):713-21PM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The objective of the study was to identify risk factors of infant anemia and to assess a new indirect method to identify the risks of anemia using a probability curve based on dietary iron density and weight gain rate.

METHODS

A cross-sectional study was conducted on 110 term infants in a public health unit in Goiania, Brazil. A socioeconomic, demographic, anthropometric survey and dietary assessment were performed. Hemoglobin, red blood cell distribution width (RDW), ferritin, and C-reactive protein were determined.

RESULTS

The risk factors identified by final adjusted logistic regression were male infants (OR = 2.38), infants whose mothers were housewives (OR = 5.01), and households with more than three members (OR = 3.08). Another risk factor was the introduction of meat after 6 months (OR = 3.3). There was a positive dose-response effect between milk consumption and prevalence of anemia adjusted for sex and age (Effect = 0.120; 95% CI: 0.015, 0.225). Dietary iron density (from 6 to 9 months) and weight gain rate (from 9 to 12 months) significantly affected the probability of the infant having anemia.

CONCLUSIONS

The probability curve for anemia obtained from dietary iron density and weight gain rate can be used to identify the risks of anemia, and together with the risk factors identified are important for anemia prevention programs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Nutrition, Federal University of Goias, Goiania, 74605-080, Brazil. clarethadler@uol.com.brNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15351537

Citation

Hadler, Maria-Claret C M., et al. "Risks of Anemia in Infants According to Dietary Iron Density and Weight Gain Rate." Preventive Medicine, vol. 39, no. 4, 2004, pp. 713-21.
Hadler MC, Colugnati FA, Sigulem DM. Risks of anemia in infants according to dietary iron density and weight gain rate. Prev Med. 2004;39(4):713-21.
Hadler, M. C., Colugnati, F. A., & Sigulem, D. M. (2004). Risks of anemia in infants according to dietary iron density and weight gain rate. Preventive Medicine, 39(4), pp. 713-21.
Hadler MC, Colugnati FA, Sigulem DM. Risks of Anemia in Infants According to Dietary Iron Density and Weight Gain Rate. Prev Med. 2004;39(4):713-21. PubMed PMID: 15351537.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risks of anemia in infants according to dietary iron density and weight gain rate. AU - Hadler,Maria-Claret C M, AU - Colugnati,Fernando A B, AU - Sigulem,Dirce M, PY - 2004/9/8/pubmed PY - 2005/4/19/medline PY - 2004/9/8/entrez SP - 713 EP - 21 JF - Preventive medicine JO - Prev Med VL - 39 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to identify risk factors of infant anemia and to assess a new indirect method to identify the risks of anemia using a probability curve based on dietary iron density and weight gain rate. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 110 term infants in a public health unit in Goiania, Brazil. A socioeconomic, demographic, anthropometric survey and dietary assessment were performed. Hemoglobin, red blood cell distribution width (RDW), ferritin, and C-reactive protein were determined. RESULTS: The risk factors identified by final adjusted logistic regression were male infants (OR = 2.38), infants whose mothers were housewives (OR = 5.01), and households with more than three members (OR = 3.08). Another risk factor was the introduction of meat after 6 months (OR = 3.3). There was a positive dose-response effect between milk consumption and prevalence of anemia adjusted for sex and age (Effect = 0.120; 95% CI: 0.015, 0.225). Dietary iron density (from 6 to 9 months) and weight gain rate (from 9 to 12 months) significantly affected the probability of the infant having anemia. CONCLUSIONS: The probability curve for anemia obtained from dietary iron density and weight gain rate can be used to identify the risks of anemia, and together with the risk factors identified are important for anemia prevention programs. SN - 0091-7435 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15351537/Risks_of_anemia_in_infants_according_to_dietary_iron_density_and_weight_gain_rate_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0091743504001252 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -