Bidentate NHC-based chiral ligands for efficient Cu-catalyzed enantioselective allylic alkylations: structure and activity of an air-stable chiral Cu complex.J Am Chem Soc. 2004 Sep 15; 126(36):11130-1.JA
Cu-catalyzed addition of alkylzinc reagents to a range of allylic phosphates is promoted efficiently and with high enantioselectivity to afford tertiary as well as quaternary carbon centers (up to 98% ee). Reactions proceed to completion with 0.5-5 mol % catalyst loading and are best promoted by commercially available CuCl2.2H2O. The X-ray structure of the chiral NHC-Ag(I) complex used in the study as well as that of a catalytically active NHC-Cu(II) complex are also reported; both complexes are air-stable and are formed in >/=95% isolated yield. The isolated Cu complex, which can be handled in air, is catalytically active. The present report provides the first precedent for efficient Cu-catalyzed allylic alkylations with chiral NHC ligands.