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Multiple labels for objects in conversations with young children: parents' language and children's developing expectations about word meanings.
Dev Psychol. 2004 Sep; 40(5):746-63.DP

Abstract

Children sometimes seem to expect words to have mutually exclusive meanings in certain contexts of early word learning. In 2 studies, 12- to 24-month-old children and their parents were videotaped as they engaged in conversations while playing with sets of toys (sea creatures, vehicles, doll clothing) in free-play, storytelling, and categorization contexts. In both studies, parents demonstrated a reliable preference to provide just 1 label for a given object. Importantly, parents' violations of this preference were usually accompanied by clarifying (or "bridging") information that either indicated the relation between the 2 labels or suggested that 1 of the labels was appropriate. Further, in some contexts, parents' tendency to use multiple labels and to provide bridging information for multiple labels was correlated with children's productive vocabulary. It is argued that these findings support a socio-pragmatic hypothesis about the origins of children's early beliefs about word meanings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA. callanan@cats.ucsc.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15355163

Citation

Callanan, Maureen A., and Mark A. Sabbagh. "Multiple Labels for Objects in Conversations With Young Children: Parents' Language and Children's Developing Expectations About Word Meanings." Developmental Psychology, vol. 40, no. 5, 2004, pp. 746-63.
Callanan MA, Sabbagh MA. Multiple labels for objects in conversations with young children: parents' language and children's developing expectations about word meanings. Dev Psychol. 2004;40(5):746-63.
Callanan, M. A., & Sabbagh, M. A. (2004). Multiple labels for objects in conversations with young children: parents' language and children's developing expectations about word meanings. Developmental Psychology, 40(5), 746-63.
Callanan MA, Sabbagh MA. Multiple Labels for Objects in Conversations With Young Children: Parents' Language and Children's Developing Expectations About Word Meanings. Dev Psychol. 2004;40(5):746-63. PubMed PMID: 15355163.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Multiple labels for objects in conversations with young children: parents' language and children's developing expectations about word meanings. AU - Callanan,Maureen A, AU - Sabbagh,Mark A, PY - 2004/9/10/pubmed PY - 2005/2/5/medline PY - 2004/9/10/entrez SP - 746 EP - 63 JF - Developmental psychology JO - Dev Psychol VL - 40 IS - 5 N2 - Children sometimes seem to expect words to have mutually exclusive meanings in certain contexts of early word learning. In 2 studies, 12- to 24-month-old children and their parents were videotaped as they engaged in conversations while playing with sets of toys (sea creatures, vehicles, doll clothing) in free-play, storytelling, and categorization contexts. In both studies, parents demonstrated a reliable preference to provide just 1 label for a given object. Importantly, parents' violations of this preference were usually accompanied by clarifying (or "bridging") information that either indicated the relation between the 2 labels or suggested that 1 of the labels was appropriate. Further, in some contexts, parents' tendency to use multiple labels and to provide bridging information for multiple labels was correlated with children's productive vocabulary. It is argued that these findings support a socio-pragmatic hypothesis about the origins of children's early beliefs about word meanings. SN - 0012-1649 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15355163/Multiple_labels_for_objects_in_conversations_with_young_children:_parents'_language_and_children's_developing_expectations_about_word_meanings_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/dev/40/5/746 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -