Fusospirochetosis causing necrotic oral ulcers in patients with HIV infection.Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2004 Sep; 98(3):321-3.OS
Under certain permissive circumstances, normally occurring fusiform bacteria and Borrelia spirochetes can result in a symbiotic overgrowth that leads to necrotic oral ulcers (stomatitis), gingivitis, and periodontitis. These lesions are collectively known as oral fusospirochetosis and may be under-appreciated in patients with HIV infection and AIDS. Fusospirochetal oral ulcers in patients with HIV are often large, necrotic, and malodorous; they respond completely to penicillin. We report 3 patients with HIV infection and fusospirochetal ulcerative stomatitis and review the clinical presentation, microbiologic diagnosis, potential pathogenesis, and treatment of these lesions.