[Eating disorders--how to work with the family?].Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2004 Sep 09; 124(17):2254-7.TN
Working with families with a child or an adult with an eating disorder is to work with the resources and limitations in the families, how they could cope with this challenge. Family interventions in eating disorders are counselling, working with the family and family-oriented therapy. Studies show documented effects, especially for patients below 18 with anorexia nervosa who have had this disorder for less than three years. Indications for going from working with the family to family therapy are conflicts between parents or between the child and parents, delayed or disturbed psychological development of the child, or when siblings or other family members are believed to have an effect on the healing. Family therapy is to work with the family as a system. The professional responsibilities, the practical tasks and the goals are about interaction in the family, about relations and communication patterns. Interventions in the family are mainly rooted in systemic family therapy. Motivational methods are important, as are cognitive methods and psychoeducational methods, information and learning how to cope with eating disorders.