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Weight loss on an energy-restricted, low-fat, sugar-containing diet in overweight sedentary men.
Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2004 Jun; 55(4):279-90.IJ

Abstract

With the increasing prevalence of obesity in the United Kingdom, the search for an effective weight reducing diet is a priority in helping to reverse this trend. A 12-week dietary intervention study was carried out to test the effectiveness of an energy-restricted, low-fat, sugar-containing diet on weight loss in sedentary overweight men. The study also aimed to assess eating behaviour, to measure change in attitude towards sugar-containing foods and to measure the impact of the study on perceived quality of life. Subjects were recruited from three UK cities; Edinburgh, Birmingham and London. Seventy-six men, aged between 25 and 60 years, completed the study. Baseline diets were assessed by a 7-day diet diary. Compliance to the subsequent dietary advice was measured on four occasions post intervention, by 4-day diaries. Measures of body weight status were also monitored. Eating behaviour, attitudes towards sugar-containing foods and quality of life were assessed by questionnaire. Significant reductions in body weight (5.2%), body fat (11.2%) and waist:hip ratio (3%) were observed following reported dietary changes that included a reduction in reported energy intake of 3.2 MJ/day (770 kcal/day), a reduction in the percent energy from fat (from 38.1% to 26.2%), an increase in the percent energy from total carbohydrate (from 44.4% to 54%) and from protein (from 17.3% to 20.6%). Subjects scored relatively highly for dietary restraint and emotional eating, and were strongly influenced by external eating cues. On completion of the 12-week study, subjects had a more positive attitude towards sugar-containing foods and perceived an improved quality of life. It is concluded, therefore, that including sugar-containing foods in a weight-reducing diet may be an effective strategy to achieve a palatable, low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet, which promotes weight loss in overweight individuals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Nutrition and Food Research Queen Margaret University College EH12 8TS Edinburgh, UK. sdrummond@qmuc.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15369982

Citation

Drummond, Sandra, et al. "Weight Loss On an Energy-restricted, Low-fat, Sugar-containing Diet in Overweight Sedentary Men." International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, vol. 55, no. 4, 2004, pp. 279-90.
Drummond S, Dixon K, Griffin J, et al. Weight loss on an energy-restricted, low-fat, sugar-containing diet in overweight sedentary men. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2004;55(4):279-90.
Drummond, S., Dixon, K., Griffin, J., & De Looy, A. (2004). Weight loss on an energy-restricted, low-fat, sugar-containing diet in overweight sedentary men. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 55(4), 279-90.
Drummond S, et al. Weight Loss On an Energy-restricted, Low-fat, Sugar-containing Diet in Overweight Sedentary Men. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2004;55(4):279-90. PubMed PMID: 15369982.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Weight loss on an energy-restricted, low-fat, sugar-containing diet in overweight sedentary men. AU - Drummond,Sandra, AU - Dixon,Kathryn, AU - Griffin,Jane, AU - De Looy,Anne, PY - 2004/9/17/pubmed PY - 2005/1/19/medline PY - 2004/9/17/entrez SP - 279 EP - 90 JF - International journal of food sciences and nutrition JO - Int J Food Sci Nutr VL - 55 IS - 4 N2 - With the increasing prevalence of obesity in the United Kingdom, the search for an effective weight reducing diet is a priority in helping to reverse this trend. A 12-week dietary intervention study was carried out to test the effectiveness of an energy-restricted, low-fat, sugar-containing diet on weight loss in sedentary overweight men. The study also aimed to assess eating behaviour, to measure change in attitude towards sugar-containing foods and to measure the impact of the study on perceived quality of life. Subjects were recruited from three UK cities; Edinburgh, Birmingham and London. Seventy-six men, aged between 25 and 60 years, completed the study. Baseline diets were assessed by a 7-day diet diary. Compliance to the subsequent dietary advice was measured on four occasions post intervention, by 4-day diaries. Measures of body weight status were also monitored. Eating behaviour, attitudes towards sugar-containing foods and quality of life were assessed by questionnaire. Significant reductions in body weight (5.2%), body fat (11.2%) and waist:hip ratio (3%) were observed following reported dietary changes that included a reduction in reported energy intake of 3.2 MJ/day (770 kcal/day), a reduction in the percent energy from fat (from 38.1% to 26.2%), an increase in the percent energy from total carbohydrate (from 44.4% to 54%) and from protein (from 17.3% to 20.6%). Subjects scored relatively highly for dietary restraint and emotional eating, and were strongly influenced by external eating cues. On completion of the 12-week study, subjects had a more positive attitude towards sugar-containing foods and perceived an improved quality of life. It is concluded, therefore, that including sugar-containing foods in a weight-reducing diet may be an effective strategy to achieve a palatable, low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet, which promotes weight loss in overweight individuals. SN - 0963-7486 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15369982/Weight_loss_on_an_energy_restricted_low_fat_sugar_containing_diet_in_overweight_sedentary_men_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09637480412331290495 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -