Composition and antimicrobial activities of volatile components of Lippia javanica.Phytochemistry. 2004 Aug; 65(16):2333-6.P
The volatile oil of Lippia javanica was prepared by hydrodistillation of leaves, flowers and stems, and characterized by GC-MS. The major component was 3-methyl-6-(1-methylethylidene)-cyclohex-2-en-1-one. The oil was tested for antimicrobial activity on cultures of Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus, and found to inhibit E. coli and S. aureus at 1% dilution. The oil was also active against Plasmodium falciparum in micromolar concentrations.