Lack of relationship between Doppler indices of diastolic function and left ventricular pressure transients in patients with definite diastolic heart failure.Am Heart J 2004; 148(3):E12AH
The purpose of this study was to compare invasive with noninvasive indices of diastolic function in a well-defined group of patients with diastolic dysfunction and a history of diastolic heart failure.
Patients with heart failure and a normal left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction comprise a very large portion of the heart failure population and most are thought to have diastolic heart failure. While clinical and Doppler criteria for diastolic dysfunction and diastolic heart failure have been developed, there remains some controversy about the need for invasive cardiac catheterization and/or echo-Doppler evaluation of LV diastolic function. To date, there is no consensus as to the utility of these 2 methods in the diagnosis of diastolic heart failure.
Forty-seven patients (mean age 58 +/- 11 years) with a history of congestive heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (> or =50%) by echocardiography underwent a combined hemodynamic/echo-Doppler study. Patients with coronary disease were excluded. Invasive parameters of LV diastolic function (tau, LV diastolic pressures) and Doppler parameters (peak E, peak A, E/A ratio, isovolumic relaxation time, and E deceleration time) were measured using standard techniques.
There was a close correlation between invasively-determined parameters (tau vs end diastolic pressure: r = 0.62, P <.001). The relationships between standard Doppler parameters and LV diastolic pressures were uniformly poor. However, the relationship between Doppler isovolumic relaxation time and tau improved considerably when patients were subgrouped by hemodynamic load.
Standard echo-Doppler indices of diastolic function correlate poorly with LV diastolic pressure transients. The diagnosis of diastolic heart failure cannot be made on the basis of a single echo-Doppler parameter but, rather, all parameters must be examined in concert and used in combination with clinical observations.