New epitope peptides derived from parathyroid hormone-related protein which have the capacity to induce prostate cancer-reactive cytotoxic T lymphocytes in HLA-A2+ prostate cancer patients.Prostate. 2005 Feb 15; 62(3):233-42.P
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is produced by cancer cells and has been suggested to be responsible for malignancy-associated hypercalcemia and osteolysis after bone metatsases. Therefore, PTHrP is a promising target in the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer.
Seven PTHrP-derived peptides were prepared based on the HLA-A2 binding motif. These peptide candidates were screened by their ability to induce peptide-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), and their ability to be recognized by immunoglobulin G (IgG).
Both the PTHrP59-67 and PTHrP42-51 peptides were found to efficiently induce peptide-specific CTLs from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of HLA-A2+ prostate cancer patients with several HLA-A2 subtypes. These CTLs showed HLA-A2-restricted cytotoxicity toward prostate cancer cells. IgG reactive to the PTHrP42-51 peptide was frequently detected in prostate cancer patients.
These results indicate that these two new PTHrP peptides will be useful in the peptide-based immunotherapy of HLA-A2+ prostate cancer patients, especially those with bone metastases.